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33 Cards in this Set

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continue to shrink and be faster, more powerful, and more user-friendly
PCs of the future
creating computer components, machines, and other structures that are less than 100 nanometers in size
nanotechnology
the number of transistors on a chip now doubles about every 18 months
Moore's Law
utilize atoms or nuclei working together as quantum bits or qubits
quantum computers
uses light, such as from laser beams or infrared beams, to perform computations
optical computers
continue to shrink and be faster, more powerful, and more user-friendly
PCs of the future
creating computer components, machines, and other structures that are less than 100 nanometers in size
nanotechnology
the number of transistors on a chip now doubles about every 18 months
Moore's Law
utilize atoms or nuclei working together as quantum bits or qubits
quantum computers
uses light, such as from laser beams or infrared beams, to perform computations
optical computers
contain both optical and electronic components
opto-electronic computers
improvements to Wi-Fi
Wimax
for short range connections
UltraWideBand (UWB)
uses the existing power pole infrastructure and a building's regular power lines to provide access to the Internet
Broadband over Power lines
the science and engineering of making intelligent machines
Artificial Intelligence
a test of artificial intelligence developed in 1950s
Turing Test
programs that perform specific tasks to help make a user's work environment more efficient or entertaining
intelligent agents
software programs that perform tasks that would otherwise be performed by a human expert
expert systems
contains facts and rules provided by a human expert
knowledge base
applies the rules to the data stored in the knowledge base to reach decisions
inference engine
artificial intelligence systems that attempt to imitate the way a human brain works
neural networks
the field devoted to the study of robots
robotics
devices, controlled by a human operator or a computer, that can move and react to sensory input
robots
ASIMO, AIBO, Roomba, Patrolbot
Examples of robots
the use of a computer to create environments that look the way they do in the real world
virtual reality
refers to the replacement or enhancement of body parts by mechanical versions
bionics
transfer vital signs, blood-sugar readings, or other medical data directly to your attending physician
electronic monitoring devices
a chip that is implanted under a person's skin to be used for identification purposes
VeriChip
when a robot controlled by a physician operates on a patient
robot-assisted surgery
when not all surgeons are in the operating room
telesurgery
the use of communications technology to provide medical information and services
telemedicine
a wearable robotic system designed to give soldiers additional physical capabilities and protection
exoskeleton suit
robots used to assess the safety of trails, buildings, caves, and other structures before soldiers enter them
battlefield robots