Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Computer-aided design or computer-aided manufacturing
Computer-aided design; the use of computers to create, evaluate, and test new designs
to move the cursor to the left one space using the back arrow key
a copy of data placed on an auxiliary storage medium to serve as a safety copy should the original be destroyed
either a 1 or 0 in the binary number system; it takes 8 bits to equal one byte on most microcomputers
to start up; it is usually aprocess within the operating system which depends on information from the disk to be transferred to memory
Control key (CTRL)
a special key tht is pressed while striking another key; usually used to perform special internal function
the location on the screen where thenext letter, number, symbol, or space can be entered; ;it may be a dot, line, box, or blinking square
a group of information that may be accessed by a computer
disk drive
the most common form of auxilliary storage; it uses round, flat plastic or metal disks coated with a magnetic surface
the process of rearranging, changing, and correcting copy; includes proofreading but is not limited to it
electronic mail
a method of sending of message by computer; it has affect the way mnay office workers communicate
the ability of the computer to sense; in some uses of computers this allows the computer to make decisions based on physical changes
individual item of data made up of characters, such as a person's last name
any keyword that is normally not preceded by a line number; it is used for the computer's immediate action
a collection of relation records treated as unit, such as a list of students and their grades
a chart, drawing or picture
hard disk
a nonflexible disk which is capable of very high amounts of data storage
hierarchy chart
a diagram used to write down the different functions that a program must perform and to show the relationship of one function to another
a keyword used to clear the screen on the Apple microcomputer
a statement used to get data from the keyboard and assign it to a variable
a device that sends data to the processor each time a key is struck
a command that displays a program line by line on the screen
machine language
a language inwhich instructions are written in the binary number code that is directly understood by the processor
main storage
another name for memory
a computer that is larger in size and very fast
the materials that data is recorded on before it is sent to the computer
storage locations in the computer
the "computer on a chip"; a small-sized computer, generally a single-user device with akeyboard, a screen, and auxilary storage
a list of operations in the computer
a processor that has all of the processing circuits contined in one pience known as an integrated circuit
a device that enables communication between computers through telephone lines
a medium-sized computer, generally used with several terminals
a televisonlike screen used for output on most microcomputers
the porcess of ocmbining text and data into the same document; or the process of combining one program or file with another
an input device which when rolled about a surface sends signals to the computer which can direct a cursor on the video display screen.
an operating sysgem developed by Microsoft Corporation
extended binary coded decimal interchange code; a commonly used code to represent data
to find and correct errors in a program
data processing
the job of putting facts into a usable form
a statement used to specify that the remainder of the items on a line consist of information that can be used by the READ statement in BASIC
laser printer
anonimpact printer that uses a laser beam to "write" characters on a drum that is sensitve to photographic images; the drum then transfers the characters to paper.
1024 bites of computer memory; computer manufacturers experess the capacity of memory in terms of the letter K which is short for kilobytes
new text that is added to existing text
the process of bringing together
a term used to describe a program or computer system that performs two-way communication between the user and the computer
a way of operating
numeric address
the numeric label or name applied to a location in the memory
connected directly to a computer
operating system
a series of program that control the operation of the computer system
a term used to describe computer-related activities whicha re not physically connected to a computer; an example would be keypunching of cards
optical scanner
a device that sends data to the processor as it "looks at" data in printed or written form
original data
data to be processed, also referred to as raw data
useful information that leaves an information systems' usually presented to the user as a screen dispolay or printout
a high-level language especially well suited for structured programming
an operating system developed by International ZBusiness Machines (IBM) for use on IBM personal computer
an output device that uses a specil pen to draw output on paper
to produce, using a printer, a paper copy of infomration displayed on a computer screen or stored in computer memory
the part of a printer that actuallyd oes the printing
the computer system unit that receives and carries out instructions
program mode
same as deferred execution mode
programming language
a series of instrucitons used to communicate with the computer
a message displayed on the screen telling the user that the computer is awaiting a specific response
another name for program design
random access
a term used to describe a device that can go directly to the location of a particular data without having to read througha ll the data in front of it
random access memory (RAM)
a temporary location in memory while processing is taking place' it is erased when the computer is powered down.
a statement that reads data from a DATA line and assigns it to one or more variables
Read-Only memory (ROM)
memory which does not lose its data when the computer is powered down
a group of related fields
the processof writing, rewriting, or reporducing data by hand or electronically
a statement used to tell BASIC to return from a subroutine or module to the statement following the GOSUB statement from which it left
the process of making stored information available when needed
a statement that tells the computer to start back at the beginning of the DATA so that the READ statement can use the data over again.
Word processing
the writing and storing of letters and reports on a computer
a keyboard and screen (or printing unit) used to access a computer
the process of arranging information according to a logical system
instructions, or program, that tell the computer what to do
shift key
a key used to make capital letters and certain symbols when struck at the same time as another key
shift lock (CAPS lock)
a key that when depressed cuases all letters to be capitalized (ALL-CAPPED)
a program that uses a table (row and column arrangement) of numbers to perform calculations
the saving of informationso that it may be used later
a named memory location for data
utility program
a program designed to do a routine job, such as copying data from one disk to another
systems programmer
a person who writes instructions that tell the computer how to operate
a group of devices and procedures for performing a task
spelling checker
a program that looks up the words of a document in its dictionary' any word not found in the dictionary is called to the attention of the operator
a command that cuases the computer to execute a program
user-interface shell
a program that makes the use of operating system commands easier
text entry
the process of getting words from the mind of the writer or form a wrtten document into the computer system
top-down design
a process of beginning with the "big picure" and gradually refining the design, adding more more detail at each step
the process of changing processed data into brief, meaningful form
a very fast and powerful computer
a machine used to record data from punched cards and print reports
a path on which data is recorded on a disk or tape
an operating system developed by Bell Laboratories
small rectangular sheets of microfilm
American Standard Code for Information Interchange' a commonly used code to represent data
putting together different parts of text to form a new document
boot up
to start up; itis usually a process within the operating system which depends on informing the disk to be transferred to memory
direct access
another name for random access