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89 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
dodgy domains
misleading URL addresses that can be easily found and can cause harm to its viewers
warchalking
drawing of symbols in public places to advertise an open Wi-Fi wireless network
rootkit
software system designed to hide or obscure the fact that a system has been compromised. It helps intruders gain access to systems while avoiding detection
personal locator
a small device which uses GPS and cell phone technology. It is used to track teen drivers, recover stolen vehicles or pets, etc.
femtocell
small cellular base station allowing service providers to extend service coverage inside of your home- especially where access would otherwise be limited or unavailable- without the need for expensive cellular towers
clickjacking
tricks web users into revealing confidential information or takes control of their computer while clicking on seemingly innocuous web pages
Hashtags
a Twitter convention for adding additional context and metadata to tweets. They create a folksonomy like the tags on Flickr.
Geotagging
the process of adding geographical identification metadata to various media such as photographs, video, websites, or RSS feeds.
Metadata
data about data, for example adding geographical metadata to photographs allows them to be searched by location
Neologism
A newly created term or a term that has been given a new meaning
Augmented Reality (AR)
new technology that blends the real, physical world, with digital technology
Sexting
the act of sending sexually explicit messages or photos electronically, primarily between cell phones.
Kindle
Amazon's new e-book device. It uses a new high-resolution display technology called electronic paper, which gives a chrisp white screen that resembles the appearance and readability of printed paper.
RFID
an automatic identification method. When a radio signal reaches the device, called a transponder, it responds with a unique serial number which can correlate the device to information stored on a database.
VeriChip
a small radio-frequency identification (RFID) microchip which is FDA approved for human implanting. Usually placed above the triceps area of the right arm, it is used for identity verification, medical records access and other uses.
Cybernetics
the interdisciplinary study of the structure of complex systems, especially communication processes, control mechanisms and feedback principles.
Cyborg
a cybernetic organism (i.e., an organism that has both artificial and natural systems)
Genomics Era
refers to a major paradigm shift in which gene therapy and genetic engineering change the practice of medicine and impact our lives in many ways
Web Syndication
making web feeds available from a site in order to provide other people with a summary of the website's recently added content (for example, the latest news or forum posts)
Meganiche
thin slice of the Web that nonetheless represents roughly a million users." It's a new category that's caused by the fact that there are now one billion people online
Radical transparency
a management method where nearly all decision making is carried out publicly. All draft documents, all arguments for and against a proposal, the decisions about the decision making process itself, and all final decisions, are made publicly and remain publicly archived.
Social networking
a phenomena defined by linking people to each other in some way, using web applications such as Facebook.com or MySpace.com
Twitter
a free social networking and micro-blogging service that allows users to send "updates" by IM or SMS text messages
Microblogging
blog entries which consist of very short text updates
Blog
a type of website, usually maintained by an individual, with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events and so forth
HULU
website that offers commercial-supported streaming video of TV shows and movies from NBC, Fox and many other networks and studios
Acronym
a pronounceable word created from the initial letters of a phrase
Backronym
the reversal of an acronym- starting with a word and creating a phrase where that word would be the acronym
MPAA
the Hollywood movie industry group that challenges attempts of piracy and home recording of movies
Web 2.0
a perceived or proposed second generation of the web. This is where the web has evolved and improved over time and now offers better and more up to date services like blogs, wikis, social networking sites, etc.
Web 3.0
a term used to describe the future of the World Wide Web.
Telepresence
refers to a set of technologies which allow a person to feel as if they were present, to give the appearance that they were present, or to have an effect, at a location other than their true location
Blogosphere
a collective term encompassing all blogs and their interconnections. It is the perception that blogs exist together as a connected community (or as a collection of connected communities) or as a social network.
Podcasting
a series of digital-media files which are distributed over the Internet using syndication feeds for playback on portable media players and computers
Digg
a website is where you submit, search, converse, and rate content (podcasts, images, video) all in a social networking environment.
International Paradox
problem for sites such as Facebook and YouTube because traffic from third world areas delivers relatively meager advertising, and costs exceed revenue. Yet these locations promise future growth.
Watson
a computer program designed to compete against humans on the Jeopardy TV quiz show. It will respond with a synthesized voice and will most likely use an animated avatar.
Collaborative Filtering
the method of making automatic predictions (filtering) about the interests of a user by collecting taste information from many users
Folksonomy
refers to collaborative tagging (classification words), social classification, social indexing, and social tagging
Crowdsourcing
uses Web 2.0 technologies to take a task traditionally performed by an employee or contractor, and outsource it to an undefined, generally large group of people, in the form of an open call
Peer production
refers to any coordinated, (chiefly) internet-based effort whereby volunteers contribute project components, and there exists some process to combine them to produce a unified intellectual work (such as manuals, books, encyclopedias, reviews, blogs, periodicals)
Nanotechnology
refers to the control of matter on the atomic and molecular scale, generally 100 nanometers or smaller, and the fabrication of devices or materials that lie within that size range
Genome
all the genetic material in the chromosomes of a particular organism. The human genome consists of three billion bases, organized in about 100,000 genes on 23 chromosomes
IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi or WLAN)
short range, high-bandwidth technology developed for wireless local area networking.
Serendipity
the effect by which one accidentally discovers something fortunate
Cloud Computing
a term used to describe applications that were developed to be rich internet applications
Rich Internet applications
web applications that have the features and functionality of traditional desktop applications
Blu-ray
an optical disc storage media format for high-definition video and data storage. The name is derived from the blue-violet laser.
Holographic storage
can pack nearly 1 Terabyte of information (1000 Gigabytes) inside a 1*1*1 cm sugar-cube-sized crystal. It has the potential to pack data far more densely than conventional optical technology uses only the surface.
Distributed Computing
deals with hardware and software systems containing more than one processing element, storage element, concurrent processes, or multiple programs, running under a loosely or tightly controlled regime
4G
cellular networks which offer users broadband wireless data to enable IP based voice and streaming multimedia at higher speeds
Wiki
a collection of web pages designed to enable anyone who accesses it to contribute or modify content. They are often used to create collaborative websites and to power community websites
Smart cards
plastic-like credit cards with microprocessor chips embedded within them
Network Neutrality
a broadband network that is free of restrictions on the kinds of equipment that may be attached, on the modes of communication allowed, which does not restrict content, sites or platforms, and where communication is not unreasonably degraded by other communication streams
Cyber-bullying
the use of information and communication technologies to support deliberate, repeated, and hostile behaviour by an individual or group, that is intended to harm others
Avatar
a computer user's representation of himself/herself or alter ego, whether in the form of a three-dimensional model used in computer games
Malware
Short for malicious software, a program or file that is designed to specifically damage or disrupt a system, such as a virus, worm, or a Trojan horse.
Web Widget
a small snippet of code that can be embedded within a page of HTML. A widget adds some content to that page that is not static
Grey goo
a hypothetical end-of-the-world scenario involving nanotechnology in which out-of-control self-replicating robots consume all living matter on Earth.
Real ID
a federal identity document that every American will need in order to fly on commercial airlines, enter government buildings, open a bank account and much more.
Ubiquitous Computing
a new paradigm in which users engage many computational devices and systems simultaneously, in the course of ordinary activities, and may not necessarily be aware that they are using computers. This is the opposite of the desktop paradigm, in which a single user consciously engages a single device for a specialized purpose
Disintermediation
the removal of intermediaries in a supply chain: "cutting out the middleman" when buyers are aware of supply prices direct from the manufacturer (market transparency)
Dystopias
polar opposite of utopia. A society in which social and/or technological trends have contributed to a corrupted or degraded state.
Technological Singularity
a hypothesised point in the future in which machines programmed with self-improving artificial intelligence will cause large amounts of technological progress within a short period of time. At this point all past knowledge is irrelevant. These machines may become smarter than humans, perhaps causing harm or annihilation of humankind.
Advanced Access Content System (AACS)
a standard for content distribution and digital rights management, intended to restrict access to and copying of the next generation of optical discs and DVDs.
Organic Light-Emitting Diode (OLED)
a new monitor screen technology using light-emitting diode (LED) whose emissive electroluminescent layer is composed of a film of organic compounds.
Emerging Technologies
covers the emergence and convergence of new and potentially disruptive technologies such as nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, cognitive science, robotics, and artificial intelligence
Chorded Keyboard
a computer input device that allows the user to enter characters or commands formed by pressing several keys together, like playing a "chord" on a piano. The large number of combinations available from a small number of keys allows text or commands to be entered with one hand, leaving the other hand free to do something else
Whitehat
the hero or good guy, especially in computing slang, where it refers to an ethical hacker that focuses on securing and protecting IT systems
One Laptop Per Child
a foundation seeking to provide children in developing countries around the world with new educational opportunities by designing an inexpensive laptop, educational software, and a distribution system.
Smart Materials
materials composed of actuators and sensors which respond to their surroundings to provide unique physical properties
WiMAx
the new wireless broadband with a range of up to 80km, with a bandwith of up to 75bps. It is the successor to Wi-Fi. Uses range from point-to-point links to full mobile cellular type access as an alternative to cable and DSL
Broadband
term that refers to a signaling method that includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies. It is often used to denote any high speed telecommunication.
Metcalf's law
states that the value of a telecommunications network is proportional to the square of the number of users of the system. For example, it is useless to own a fax machine unless other people do also.
Moore's law
describes an important trend in the history of computer hardware: that the number of transistors that can be inexpensively placed on an integrated circuit is increasing exponentially, doubling approximately every year and a half.
Warez
refers primarily to copyrighted works traded in violation of copyright law. The word is intended as a plural of "ware"
sockpuppet
an online identity used for purposes of deception within an online community. It can be used to self-praise or defense of a point of view where it appears the messge is coming from another.
botnet
a potentially destructive program that commandeers infected machines into a vast network that can be clandestinely controlled
BitTorrent
a peer-to-peer file sharing protocol used for transferring large files. By some estimates it accounts for about 35% of all traffic on the entire Internet.
RSS("Really Simple Syndication")
a family of Web feed formats used to publish frequently updated works—such asblog entries, news headlines, audio, and video—in a standardized format
Hyperlocal device
any portable device with GPS which offers location-aware applications, with paradigm shifting implications
Netbook
a small portable laptop computer designed for wireless communication and access to the Internet.
Semantic Web
an evolving extension of the World Wide Web in which includes not only the information itself, but "meta information" (information about the information).
Virtual economy
an emergent economy existing in a virtual persistent world, usually in the context of an Internet game such as SecondLife.
Net-centric warfare
new military doctrine which seeks a competitive warfighting advantage based on information technology through the robust networking of well informed geographically dispersed forces.
Cybersecurity
reflects the growing use of computing power as a weapon. Computers are becoming ever more important in political conflicts and open warfare.
Fortress Model
an obsolete model of US Cybersecurity. This approach is to simply build higher firewalls and better virus detectors or to restrict access to the federal government computers.
UAV
an unpiloted aircraft which can be remote controlled or fly autonomously based on pre-programmed flight plans or more complex dynamic automation systems.
45 nanometer
the photographic and chemical process used to create chips.