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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Refers to the responsibility of those having data to control who is able to use that data.
Access time
The period between the time the computer requests data from a secondary storage device and the time the transfer of data is completed.
Accounts payable
The activity that shows the money a company owes to its suppliers for the materials and services it has received.
Accounts receivable
The activity that shows what money has been received or is owed by customers.
Relates to the responsibility of those who collect data to ensure that the data is correct.
Active desktop
The Windows dektop view in which ôactive contentö from Web pages is displayed.
Active-matrix monitor
Monitor in which each pixel is independently activated. More colors with better clarity can be displayed.
Procedural language named after an English countess regarded as the first programmer; was originally designed for weapons systems but has commercial uses as well. Because of its structured design, modules of a large program can be written, compiled, and tested separately before the entire program is put together.
Adapter card
Optional device that plugs into a slot inside the system unit. Ports on the board allow cables to be connected from the expansion board to devices outside the system unit.
Independent programs that can be executed by a browser.
Advanced Research Project Agency Network (ARPANET)
A national computer network from which the Internet developed.
Program for updating search engine
Analog signal
Signal that represents a range of frequencies, such as the human voice.
Analytical graphs
Form of graphics used to put numeric data into forms that are easier to analyze, such as bar charts, line graphs, and pie charts.
Feature involving special visual and sound effects.
Antivirus programs
Programs that guard a computer system from viruses or other damaging programs.
Java programs used on Web pages.
Application generator
Software with modules that have been preprogrammed to accomplish various tasks, such as calculation of overtime pay.
Programs such as word processing and spreadsheets.
Application software
Software that can perform useful work, such as word processing, cost estimating, or accounting tasks.
Arithmetic-logic unit (ALU)
The part of the CPU that performs arithmetic and logical operations.
Artificial intelligence (AI):
A field of computer science that attempts to develop computer systems that can mimic or simulate human thought processes and actions.
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange
Binary coding scheme widely used on all computers, including microcomputers.
Assembly language
Second generation of programming languages. These languages use abbreviations for program instructions.
Asynchronous transmission
Method whereby data is sent and received one byte at a time.
Auction house sites
Web sites that operate like a traditional auction to sell merchandise to bidders.
Automated design tool
Software package that evaluates hardware and software alternatives according to requirements given by the systems analyst.
Backup programs
Programs that make copies of files to be used in case the originals are lost or damaged.
Bits-per-second transmission capability of a channel.
Bar code
Code consisting of vertical zebra-striped marks printed on product containers; read with a bar-code reader.