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18 Cards in this Set

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Public Speaking
form of communication where the speaker tries to make the audience react in a certain way through oral language
Purposes of Public Speaking (5)
Inform
Persuade
Entertain
Inspire
Agreement
Five Arts
creating/discovering good ideas
selecting and organizing
using language
memory
delivery
Delivery
use of voice and body to make words effective
3 categories of stage fright symptoms
Speaking mechanism
Physical
Mental
Speaking Mechanism (5)
Dry throat/mouth
inability to speak
stuttering/stammering
speed/slow
dificulty breathing
Physical Symptoms (5)
Stomach tension
Sweating
Heartbeat
Nausea
tremble/twitch
Mental Symptoms (4)
mental block
scared to look at audience
dread
thinking that listeners aren't approving
How to Manage Stage Fright (7)
thorough preparation
theory
no unnecessary explanations
composure
be organized
visual aid
rehearsing
Allusion
a reference in a speech to a familiar person, place, or thing
Analogy
a comparison of an unfamiliar idea to a simple, familiar one
Anecdote
short story told to illustrate a point
Antithesis
balances or contrasts one word or idea against another, usually in the same sentence
Irony
using a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its literal meaning, or to show a result that is the opposite of what would be expected or appropriate; an odd coincidence
negative definition
describes something by telling what it is NOT rather than, or in addition to, what it is
parallel structure
the repeating of phrases or sentences that are similar (parallel) in meaning and structure
repetition
the repeating of the same word or phrase to create a sense of rhythm and emphsasis
Rhetorical Question
a question that is asked to emphasize a point, not to get an answer