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192 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
T4
Thyroxine
itis
Inflamed
CVA
Stroke
bid
Twice a day
EKG/ECG
Electrocardiography
HBA1c
Glycosylated hemoglobin
gtt
drop(s)
Fx
Fracture
SQ
Under the skin
po
By mouth
od
Right eye
K
Potassium
HTN
High blood pressure
Dx
Diagnosis
Nephro
kidney
T cells
Lymphocytes originating in the thymus gland
Acute
Sharp, sudden, and intense for a short period of time.
Ascites
Abnormal of collection of fluid in the abdomen.
Anemia
Deficiency of hemoglobin and/or in number of red blood cells, in blood.
Alkaline Phosphatase
An enzyme present in blood and body tissue, such as bone and liver. Elevated in diseases such as those of bone and liver.
Anuria
Lack of urine formation by the kidney.
Angina
Sharp pain in the chest resulting from a decrease in blood supply to heart muscle.
Aneurysm
Localized widening of the wall of an artery, of a vein, or of the heart.
Angioplasty
Surgical repair of a blood vessel. A tube (catheter) is placed in a clogged artery, and a balloon at the end of the tube is inflated to flatten the clogged material against the wall of the artery.
Atrophy
Decrease in size of cells within an organ.
Angiotensin
A hormone that is a powerful vasoconstrictor and raises blood pressure.
Aphasia
Absence of impairment of communication through speech.
Analgesic
Medication that reduces or eliminates pain.
Amenorrhea
Absence of menstrual periods.
Arthralgia
Pain in a joint.
Alopecia
Loss of hair; baldness.
Anterior
Located in the front (of the body or of a structure).
Edema
Swelling in tissues. It is often caused by retention of fluid and salts by the kidneys.
Epinephrine
Hormone secreted by the adrenal gland in response to stress and physical injury.
Dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin.
Embolus
Foreign object (air, tissue, tumor or clot) that circulates in the blood stream until it lodges in a vessel.
Endoscopy
Process of viewing the inside of hollow organs or cavities.
Excision
Act of cutting out, removing, or resecting.
Erythrocyte
Red blood cell.
Encephalopathy
Disease of the brain.
Dyspnea
Painful (labored, difficult) breathing.
Dysuria
Painful or difficult urination.
Diverticula
Small pouches or sacks created by herniation of mucous membrane linings, most commonly in the colon.
Epithelial
Pertaining to skin cells.
Debridement
Removal of diseased tissue from the skin.
Endocrine glands
Organs that produce (secrete) hormones.
Electrolyte
Substances that conduct an electrical current and are found in blood and body cells.
Exacerbation
Increase in the seriousness of a disease, with greater intensity in the signs or symptoms.
Cirrhosis
Liver disease with deterioration of the liver cells.
Creatinine
Nitrogen-containing waste that is removed from the blood by the kidney and excreted in the urine.
Bradycardia
Slow heart beat.
Cholecystectomy
Removal of the gall bladder.
Cystitis
Inflammation of the urinary bladder.
Cortisol
Anti-inflammatory hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex.
Chron('s) disease
Inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (often the ileum) marked by bouts of diarrhea, abdominal cramping, and fever.
Calculus
Stone.
Cardioversion
Brief discharges of electricity passing across the chest to stop a cardiac arrhythmia called defibrillation.
Computed tomography scan
X-ray images taken to show the body in cross-sectional views.
Barium
Substance used as a radiopaque (x-rays cannot pass through it) contrast medium for x-ray examination of the digestive tract.
Bilirubin
A red blood cell pigment extracted with bile from the liver into the intestine.
Cellulitis
Inflammation of soft tissue under the skin; it is marked by swelling, redness, and pain and is caused by bacterial infection.
Cyanosis
Bluish discoloration of the skin due to deficient oxygen in the blood stream.
Cardiomegaly
Enlargement of the heart.
Conjunctiva
Thin protective membrane over the front of the eye and attached to the eyelids.
Gastroenteritis
Inflammation of the stomach and intestines.
Hemodialysis
Use of a kidney machine to filter blood to remove waste materials such as urea.
Fistula
Abnormal passageway from an internal organ to the body surface or between two internal organs.
Hypertrophy
Enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part of the body as a result of increase in size of individual cells
Hematemesis
Vomiting of blood
Hemoglobin
Oxygen-carrying protein found in red blood cells.
Hepatic
Pertaining to the liver
Glucocorticoid
Hormone secreted by the adrenal gland to raise blood sugar levels.
Hodgkin('s) disease
Malignant tumor of the lymph nodes.
Goiter
Enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Hyperglycemia
Higher than normal levels of sugar in the blood.
Fibrillation
Rapid, irregular, involuntary muscular contraction. Atrial and ventricular fibrillation are cardiac(heart)arhythmias.
Hypotensive
Pertaining to low blood pressure or to a person with abnormally low blood pressure.
Hematoma
Mass or collection of blood under the skin.
Hernia
Bulge or protrusion of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that usually contains it.
Gland
Group of cells that secretes chemicals to the outside of the body or hormones directly into the bloodstream.
Laparoscopy
Visual examination of the abdomen. A small incision is made near the navel, and an instrument is inserted to view abdominal organs.
Jejunum
Second part of the small intestine.
Jaundice
Orange-yellow coloration of the skin and other tissues.
Infarction
Area of dead tissue caused by decreased blood flow to that part of the body.
Ischemia
Deficiency of blood flow to a part of the body caused by narrowing or obstruction of blood vessels.
Inflammatory bowel disease
Disorder of the small and large intestines marked by bouts of diarrhea, abdominal cramping, and fever.
Inguinal
Pertaining to the groin or the area where the legs meet the body.
Leukocyte
White blood cells.
Ligament
Connective tissue that joins bones to other bones.
Leukemia
Increase in malignant white blood cells in blood and bone marrow.
Lesion
Damage to a part of the body caused by disease or trauma.
Infiltrate
Material that accumulates in an organ.
Lumbar vertebrae
A backbone in the region between the chest and lower back.
Lobe
Part of an organ, especially of the brain, lungs or glands.
Ileum
Third part of the small intestine.
Iatrogenic
Pertaining to a patient's abnormal condition that results unexpectedly from a specific treatment.
Menorrhea
Normal discharge of blood and tissue from the uterine lining during menstruation.
Mediastinum
Space between the lungs and the chest.
Myelodysplasia
Abnormal development of bone marrow, a pre-malignant condition leading to leukemia.
Myeloma
Malignant tumor originating in the bone marrow.
Mesothelioma
Malignant tumor of the lining of the pleura.
Mastitis
Inflammation of the breast.
Myoma
Tumor (benign) of muscle.
Malignant
Tending to become progressively worse.
Myalgia
Pain in a muscle
Medullary
Pertaining to the inner, or soft, part of an organ.
Multiple Sclerosis
Chronic neurologic disease in which there are patches of demyelination throughout the brain and spinal cord.
Myelin sheath
Fatty covering around part (axon) of nerve cells.
Meninges
Membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Muscular dystrophy
Group of degenerative muscle diseases that cause crippling because muscles are gradually weakened and eventually atrophy.
Myositis
Inflammation of a muscle.
Metastasis
Spread of a cancerous tumor to a distant organ or location.
Osteopenia
Deficiency of bone tissue.
Nocturia
Excessive urination at night.
Osteoporosis
Decrease in bone mass with formation of pores or spaces in normally mineralized bone tissue.
Nosocomial
Pertaining to or originating in a hospital.
Neuropathy
Disease of nervous tissue.
Oncology
The study of tumors.
Nephrolithiasis
Condition of kidney stones.
Osteomyelitis
Inflammation of a bone and bone marrow.
Oncogenic
Pertaining to producing tumors.
Otitis
Inflammation of an ear.
Orchiectomy
Removal of a testicle or testicles.
Necrosis
Death of cells.
Oophorectomy
Removal of an ovary or ovaries
Neonatal
Pertaining to new birth; the first four weeks after birth.
Ocular
Pertaining to the eye.
Neuralgia
Nerve pain.
Phlebitis
Inflammation of a vein.
Pneumonectomy
Removal of a lung.
Pancreas
Gland that produces digestive juices (exocrine function) and the hormone insulin (endocrine function)
Phrenic
Pertaining to the diaphragm.
Polydipsia
Excessive thirst.
Peritoneal fluid
Fluid produced in the abdominal cavity.
Prolapse
To move out of place; especially for an internal organ to protrude beyond its normal position.
Peptic ulcer
Sore (lesion) of the mucous membrane lining the first part of the small intestine (duodenum) or lining the stomach.
Pineal gland
Small endocrine gland within the brain that secretes the hormone melatonin, whose exact function is unclear.
Parathyroid hormone
Hormone secreted to maintain a constant concentration of calcium in the blood and bones.
Pleura
Double membrane that surrounds the lungs.
Pneumothorax
Abnormal accumulation of air in the space between the pleura.
Platelet
Cell in the blood that aids clotting; a thrombocyte.
Polyp
A growth or mass protruding from a mucous membrane.
Polycythemia
Increase in red blood cells.
Periosteum
Membrane that surrounds bone.
Sacral region
Five fused bones in the lower back, below the lumbar bones and wedged between two parts of the hip (ileum).
Renal calculus
Kidney stones.
Sarcoidosis
Chronic, progressive disorder of cells in connective tissue, spleen, liver, bone marrow, lungs, and lymph nodes.
Rectocele
Hernia (protrusion) of the rectum into the vagina.
Spondylosis
Abnormal condition of a vertebra or vertebrae.
Rhinitis
Inflammation of the nose.
Sebaceous gland
Oil-producing gland in the skin.
Spleen
Organ in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen that stores blood cells, and destroys red blood cells while producing white blood cells called lymphocytes.
Sclera
White, outer coat of the eyeball.
Resection
Removal (excision) of an organ or a structure.
Salpingectomy
Removal of a fallopian (uterine) tube.
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Chronic inflammatory disease affecting many systems of the body (joints, skin, kidneys, and nerves).
Rheumatoid arthritis
Chronic inflammatory disease of the joints and connective tissue that leads to deformed joints.
Sputum
Material expelled from the lungs through the mouth.
Retrogastric
Pertaining to behind the stomach.
Septic
Pertaining to infection.
Tachycardia
Condition of fast, rapid heartbeat.
Tissue capillaries
Tiny blood vessels that lie near cells and through whose walls gasses, food, and waste material passes.
Thoracentesis
Surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid.
Tricuspid valve
Fold of tissue between the upper and lower chambers on the right side of the heart.
Thyroxine
Hormone secreted by the thyroid gland. Also known as T4.
Thrombophlebitis
Inflammation of a vein accompanied by formation of a clot
Transdermal
Pertaining to through the skin.
Thrombocyte
Clotting cell; a platelet.
Tomography
Series of x-ray images that show an organ in depth by producing images of single tissue planes.
Tinnitus
Noise in the ears, such as ringing, roaring, or buzzing.
Thoracic
Pertaining to the chest
Triglyceride
Fat consisting of three molecules of fatty acid and glycerol.
Thoracotomy
Incision of the chest.
Tuberculosis
Infectious, inflammatory disease that commonly affects the lungs, although it can occur in any part of the body.
Tympanic membrane
Eardrum.
Thrombosis
Abnormal condition of clot formation.
Ultrasound
Sound waves with greater frequency that can be heard by the human ear. This energy is used to detect abnormalities by beaming the waves into the body and recording echoes that reflect off tissues.
Ulna
One of two lower arm bones located on the little finger side of the hand.
Vasoconstrictor
Drug that narrows blood vessels, especially small arteries.
Visceral
Pertaining to internal organs.
Urologist
Specialist in operating on the urinary tract in males and the reproductive tract in males
Varix
Enlarged, swollen, tortuous veins (pleural: varices).
Uremia
Abnormal condition of excessive amounts of urea in the bloodstream.
Ureter
One of two tubes that lead from the kidney to the urinary bladder.
Valve
Natural structure or artificial device that prevents backward flow of fluid.
Ventricular arrhythmias
Abnormal heart rhythm originating in the lower chamber of the heart.
Vesical
Pertaining to the urinary bladder.
Ulcerative colitis
Recurrent inflammatory disorder marked by ulcers in the large bowel.
Urea
Chief nitrogen-containing waste that the kidney removes from the blood and eliminates from the body in urine.
Varicocele
Swollen, twisted veins within the spermatic cord, above the testes.
Vasculitis
Inflammation of blood vessels.
Upper GI series
Barium is swallowed and x-ray images of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine are taken.