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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
complications of asthma
status asthmaticus
pheumothorax
atelectasis
status asthmaticus
life threatening condition that occurs when a severe asthman exacerbation fails to respond to usual tremt
finding of status asthmaticus
altered consciousness
cyanosis
elevated paco2
pulsus paradoxus (> 20mm hg)
PEFR less than 100 L/min in adults
FEV1 < 1L
std therapy status asthmaticus
oxygen admin
iv rehydration
inhaled b agonists
anticholinergic
iv corticosteroids
affressive therapy
for acute exacerbation
if pt has pulm acidosis-> intubation and mechanical ventilation
pneumothorax
accumulation of air in the pleural space
sx of pneumothorax
sudden pleuritic chest pain
dyspnea
hacking cough
anxiety
physical findings pneumothorax
tachypnea
hypotension
dec fremitus
tympany on chest percussion
diaphoresis
pallor
therapy of pneumothorax
oxygen
aspiration of pleural air via a chest tube
analgesic
atelectasis
collapsed lung

inhibits gas xchange during respiration and may occur as a result of airway obstruction
ashmatics atelectasis
involves right middle lobe or entire lung
atelectasis sx
worsening dyspnea
anxiety
atelectasis physical findings
hyperventilation
diminished breath sounds
dec chest excursion
mediatinal shift toward the affected side
cyanosis
atelectasis therapy
incentive spirometry
postural drainage
chest percussion
coughing
deep breathing exercise
bronchodilators
bronschoscopy to remove secretions