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27 Cards in this Set

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FIRST OF TOP WORDS OF THE COMP 40
SYSTEM
OPENED AND CLOSED
OPENED OR CLOSED
SECOND GROUP OF 3 OF COMP 40
CHANGE
CONSTANCY
CHANGE, CONSTANCY
LAST OF THE COMP 40 MODEL
MODEL-PHYSICAL,
MATHMATICAL
CONCEPTUAL (ABSTRACT MODEL)
PHYSICAL, MATHMATICAL, CONCEPTUAL
THE TEACHER COMPREHENDS WHAT?
THAT ALL BRANCHES OF SCIENCE ARE CONNECTED BY UNIFYING CONCEPTS AND PROCESSES
SYSTEMS PART 1 DEFINE A SYSTEM
A SYSTEM IS A GROUP OF OBJECTS OR ENTITIES CREATING A WHOLE IN WHICH EACH ELEMENT INTERACTS WITH OR IS RELATED TO ANOTHER OBJECT
SYSTEMS PART 2-SUBSYSTEMS
SUBYSTEM EXIST, WITHIN THE LARGER SYSTEM
SYSTEMS PART 3-ALL ELEMENTS
OF A SYSTEM ARE IMPORTANT FOR THE CORRECT FUNCTIONING OF THE SYSTEM; IF A PART OF A SYSTEM CEASES TO FUNCTION, THEN THE ENTIRE SYSTEM SUFFERS AND EITHER STOPS WORKING COMPLETELO OR FUNCTINS INCORRECTLY
B SYSTEMS CAN BE SIMPLE OR COMPLEX-opended
!) THEY HAVE BASIC PROPERITES THAT CAN BE DESCRIBED I N TERMS OF SPACE, TIME, ENERGY, AND MATTER, AND THEY ARE SUBJECT TO CYCLES, STRUCTURES AND PROCESSES
B SYSTEMS CAN BE SIMPLE OR COMPLEX-closed
2) PATTERNS PRESENT THEMSELVES IN SYSTEMS IN THE FORM OF CHANGE AND CONSTANCY
B SYSTEMS CAN BE SIMPLE OR COMPLEX-Dynanic systems
3) THIS PATTERNS CAN BE OBSERVED IN ORDER TO USE THEM AS PREDICTIVE TOOLS

Hint:

THE FOLLOWING ARE SUBJECT TO CYCLES, STRUCTURES, AND PROCESSES
Dynamic
open systems
Open: an open system is capable of exchanging matter, energy or information with its surrounding environment
open
closed systems
CLOSED A closed system is not capable of exchanging matter, energy or information with the outside environment and so is self-contained.
Outside events have no influence on what occurs in this system is destined to stop after a period of time.
closed
dyanmic system
Dynamic system: Systems that have variable relations with their surroundings
Some examples of systems include
variable relations
A) Natural systems-
A) Natural systems-These include things such as the ecosystem, the solar system, the water cycle, and living organisms.
ecosystem such as the water cycle and living organisms
B) Human-made systems-
B) Human-made systems-As the name implies, these are systems that are man mad, such as the machine.
systems that man made like a machine
C) Physical-or THERMOdynamic systems-these systems are based solely on matter and energy
C) Physical-or THERMOdynamic systems-these systems are based solely on matter and energy
soley on matter and energy
D) Living systems-
D) Living systems-this type of system can be either part of (such as gene networks) or a whole living organism, members of a group of organisms tht interact with other members of a group of organisms that interact with other members, or groups of organisms that interact with other groups. Living systems are types of natural systems.
organizms that intreact with other groups
Models discussed
Scientists need to refer to models in order to understand systems, a model is a representation or description of something, specifically one that can be used to make predictions that can be tested by experiemtn or observation
defination of a modol
Models discussed
Often the representation has been constructed from a particlular point
a particular viewpiont
Order to address some speicific , desire of the investigator, and for this one must always be careful in choosing which model and what exactly needs to be studied
Order to address some speicific , of the investigator, and for this one must always be careful in choosing which model and what exactly needs to be studied
researchers need to be sensitive of what modols they choose
Models can be used in what three ways
Physcial Models
Mathmatical models
Abstract (conceptual Model)
Physical mode
math models
abctract-theoritical models
Defination of an abstract model is a what?
A therotical construct that represents something, with variables among which there is a set of locgial relationships
therotical construct
Three Kinds fo enabling easoing with a framework of logical, idealized of models have the purpose of the formulation enabing reasoning within a framework of logical, idealized cconcepts that allow the formulation of soluology, anong other tions
Indeed, abstract models are used for discovering ne facts for evaluating hypotheses, for devising experimental procedurs
more theory of abstract models
Models especially abstract ones, can be used to construct ccomputer simulations tha can display teh behavior of a system over time, Simulations can be used to unravel trrends and consequences following changes
of variables in ecomomics, biology, ecology, and m eteorolgy, among other areas
THOUGH SCIENTIFIC ENDEAVORS ARE DIVIDED INTO DIFFRENT BRANCHES LIKE A TREE, SUCH AS THE CHEMISTRY BRANCH, AND BIOLOGY BRANCH
THE TEACHER MUST REALIZE THAT THERE ARE PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES THAT UNITE TEHSE BRANCHES
the tree
POSSIBLY THE MOST IMPORTANT CONCEPT IS THAT:
OF THE SYSTEM, WHICH ENCLOSES A SET OF GENERAL CHARATERISTICS APPLICABLE TO ALL SCIENTIFIC DISPLINES
WHICH ENCLOSES A SET OF GENERAL CHARATERISTICS APPLICABLE TO ALL SCIENTIFIC DISPLINES
What ever part of the science tree is being studied, the teacher must know that
models are useful tools in studying and understanding systems, teh teacher should be familiar with and know how to use some of the more common models
Models should be used for most systems