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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
National Identity: nation vs. state
- state- geographically bounded juridical entity exercising sovereignty
o state governing; borders
- nation- group of people with shared identity rooted in common culture, history, language, etc
o ex: Cherokee; very fluid (turn on or off)
Legitimacy: definition and differences
belief in ‘right to rule’; contingent v. system
Contingent- based on reputation
System- ground rules
Define: penetration, participation, distribution
Penetration: scope/extent of gov’t control, authority
Participation: incorporation of social sectors
-someone is usually left out from political care
Distribution: division of resources
define: political institutions
Political Institutions are essentially structures (e.g. rules, bodies, etc) for organizing and distributing power within a given system.
political power is distributed by _____? Name 4.
By geographic level
-unitary: all power resides in central gov’t
-Federal; power shared b/w central and subnational govt’s
By the type of Power
-Presidential: executive and legislative power separated
-Parlimentary: executive and legislative power combined
By Constituency
-unicameral: single chamber represents all
-bicameral: two chambers represent dual consituencie (i.e, citizens and subnational entities)
Informally: Party System
-one, two, or multiparty (polarity)
- centrifugal v. centripetal
- parties compete for ideological of the center system
- long term stability
define political culture and the 4 beliefes it's rooted from
-authority-obey or disobey?
-Equality- equal or stratified?
-Efficacy- participation effective or useless?
-Tolerance-conformity or diversity?
political attitude of the Elites and the 4 Elements of Ideology
Ideology: road map to Eutopia
- Strategy for a better future
- ex: conservatism, communism, anarchism, etc.
Elements of an Ideology
-perception of wrongs: what wrong w/ current system
- evaluation of wrongs: why do these wrongs exist?
- prescription for Fixing Wrongs: How can they be eliminated?
- movement to Carry Out System
social cleavages
‘fault lines’ in society; differences b/w groups that are deeply rooted in person’s identity, such as:
-religion -ethnicity
-language -religion
difference between reinforcing pattern and cross country pattern
most dangerous- reinforcing; one will always win, th eother-lose; completely dominated

least dangerous-cross country; groups will vary according to the issue; encourages 'stay in the game'
Great Britian "UK"
comprised of the union b/w 4 constituent entities;
-England -Scotland
-Wales -Northrn Ireland (seprtd by Irish Sea)