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17 Cards in this Set

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What are the two forms for comparison?
The comparative and the superlative.
Do adjectives and adverbs have the comparative and the superlative?
Yes.
The comparative and the superlative of one-syllable adjectives is formed by?
Adding –er for comparative and –est for superlative. strong-stronger-strongest. Light-lighter-lightest)
To be comparatives and superlatives REAL, RIGHT and WRONG are formed?
With MORE and MOST. (More real-most real. more right-most right. more wrong-most wrong)
Some one-syllable adjectives of abstract meaning such as clear, safe, true, free, wise, etc. take?
Either –er/-est or more/most. (clear-clearer-clearest-more clear-most clear)
The comparative and the superlative of two-syllable adjectives ending in –y are formed, respectively?
By adding –ier and –iest. (happy-happier-happiest)
Some two-syllable adjectives such as CLEVER, COMMON, STUPID, NARROW, GENTLE, FRIENDLY, SIMPLE, etc. take?
Either –er/-est or more/most. (simple-simpler-simplest-more simple-most simple
The comparative and the superlative of adjectives of three or more syllables is formed?
With more and with most. (diligent-more diligent-most diligent)
The comparative and the superlative of one-syllable adverbs is formed?
By adding –er, by adding –est. (hard-harder-hardest. Fast-faster-fastest)
The comparative and the superlative of adverbs of two or more syllables is formed?
With more and with most. (smoothly-more smoothly-most smoothly)
Adjectives and adverbs that change their base form in their comparatives and superlatives are called?
Irregular comparatives and superlatives. (Good-better-best. Well-better-best. Bad-worse-worst. Badly-worse-worst. Much-more-most. Many-more-most. Little-less-least. Far-farther-farthest)
Comparisons used to compare two people or things have the form?
As + adjective / adverb + as - not so / as + adjective / adverb + as. (He’s as old as his brother. He runs not so / as fast as his brother.)
Comparisons used to compare number of times or proportions have the form?
Twice/three times, etc./half as + adjective / adverb + as. (This suitcase is twice as heavy as that one.)
Comparisons used as comparative of adjective or adverb have the form?
Adjective/adverb + than. (This book is more interesting than that one. This restaurant is less expensive than that one.)
Can comparisons be expressed by like and as?
Yes. [He acts like a boss. (Actually he’s not.) We treated him as a king. (Actually he is a king.)]
What structure is used to compare one person or thing with others in a certain group or range?
Superlative of adjective/adverb … of/in. (He’s the best of all the students in this class. It’s the cheapest book in this store.)
MUCH BETTER, BY FAR THE MOST, MOST WONDERFUL, GETTING + adjective + AND, ISN’T GETTING ANY,THE SOONER, THE BETTER are all examples of?
Comparisons used in other expressions or structures