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95 Cards in this Set

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Toxocara canis
Roundworm in dogs
Ancylostoma caninum
hookworm
trichuris vulpis
whipworm
capillaria aerophilia
lungworm in cats
dirofilaria immitis
heartworm
isospora
coccidia
taenia pisiformis
tapeworm in dogs and cats
ctenocephalides
flea
trichodectes
lice
ixodes dammini
deer tick
sarcoptes scabei
sarcoptic mange
otodectes
ear mite
cheyletiella
walking dandruff
cnemidocoptes
scaley leg mites
parascaris equorum
roundworm in horses
habronema muscae
stomach worm in large animals
dictyocaulus
lungworm in large animals
gastrophilus
bots
haemonchus contortis
barber-pole worm (in large animals)
stephanurus dentatus
kidney worm in pigs
What's the prepatent period for rounds and hooks in puppies and kitties?
4 weeks for dogs, 8 weeks for cats.
Are puppies and kitties born with roundworms?
It's accepted that they are.
What do adult roundworms look like?
spaghetti
What do adult tapes looks like?
flat segmented worms, up to several meters in length.
What to tapeworm segments look like?
like grains of rice.
If your pet has Dipylidium what other parasite might they have?
Fleas
What's the intermediate host for Dipylidium?
Fleas
What are visceral larval migrans?
After ingesting larve, the larva will migrate to diff. organs (lungs/liver).
What are cutaneous larval migrans "creeping eruptions"?
Prutitic, red cutaneuous tunnels that are formed behind migrating hookworm larva.
How do you get cutaneous larval migrans?
From direct skin contact with infective hookworm larve in contaminated soil.
How can you avoid getting visceral or cutaneous larval migrans?
Wash hands and keep hand out of your mouth.
What does Pyrantel pamoate (Strongid T, Nemex) treat?
Rounds and hooks
What does Piperazine (Pipa tabs) treat?
Rounds
What does Fenbendazole (Pancur) treat?
Rounds, hooks, whips, paragonimus, lungworm
What does Praziquantel (Dronzit) treat?
Cestodes, tapes
What does Metronidazole treat?
Giardia
Are roundworms zoonotic?
Yes
Are hookworms zoonotic?
Yes
Are whipworms zoonotic?
No
Is giardia zoonotic?
Yes
Are deer ticks zoonotic?
No
Are ear mites zoonotic?
No, but there's a possibilitiy.
Is echinococcus granulosis zoonotic?
Yes
What's a parasite?
An organism that lives within, upon or at the expense of another organism. Parasite doesn't contribute to the survival of the host.
What's a definitive host?
It's where the sexually mature parasite is found.
What's an intermediate host?
Where the asexual stage of the parasite is supported, it is necessary for the parasites life cycle.
What's the paratenic host?
It acts as a carrier or transport host for parasite. Parasite lives on host & can be transmitted to another host.
What's the prepatent period?
The time in which the animal if first infected witht he parasite until it is diagnosed.
What's a direct life cycle?
The animal ingests the parasite directly.
What's an indirect life cycle?
There needs to be an intermediate host in order for the parasite to survive.
What is acariasis?
Infestation or disease caused by mites, cheylietella & sarcoptes.
What is pediculosis?
Infestation of lice.
What's a nematode?
A true roundworm (circular).
What's a cestode?
A segmented worm.
What's a trematode?
A flat unsegmented worm
What's a protozoan?
A one celled parasite?
Anoplura
Sucking louse
Mallophaga
Biting louse.
What are the different flotation solutions?
Sugar, salt, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, sodium nitrate
What float solution do you use for giardia?
Zinc sulfate.
What 6 things are described in a gross fecal exam?
Consistency, color, blood/mucous, parasites, odor, bone chips/hair
What are signs of heartworm disease?
Tires easily, soft cough, congestive heart failure, lethargy, loss of appetite, could be asymptomatic.
What drugs can you use to prevent heartworm?
Ivermectin (Heartgard), Milbemycin (Interceptor, Sentinal), Selamectin (Revolution)-all used monthly. Moxidectin(Prohart) can be used monthly or Q60 days.
Trade name for Ivermectin
Heartgard if used at a preventative.
Ivermec if used for the microfilaria.
Trade name for Milbemycin
Interceptor, Sentinal
Trade name for Moxidectin
Proheart
Trade name for Selamectin
Revolution
Why should you test an animal before starting preventative medicine?
They could have an adverse inflammatory reaction if positive.
Why do an antigen test or a concentration test?
Antigen test is specific & sensitive for adult HW, preventatives only kill the microfilaria - may get false negatives with the concentration tests.
What are some flea preventative?
Frontline, Advantage, Advantix
Which trimester are dormant roundworm larvae reactivated?
third
Which parasite can lead to sudden death of puppies due to blood loss before finding eggs in the stool?
Hookworm
Where are adult roundworms found?
Small intestine
Which parasite is transmitted through cutaneous penetration?
Hookworm
What's a problem with using an old fecal sample to detect parasite?
The eggs may be difficult to find.
Is Isospora (coccidia) zoonotic?
No
What's the prepatenet period for canine heartworm?
5-6 months
What's the intermediate host for Dirofilaria immitis?
Mosquito
Do cats with heartworm have large amounts of microfilaria?
No, usually only have one or two worms
Where are adult whipworms found?
Large intestine
What drug do you use to treat Giardia?
Metronidazole (Flagyl)
What's the most common flea that infests dogs and cats?
Ctenocephalides felis
What's the flea an intermediate host for?
Dipylidium caninum
Are fleas a species specific parasite?
No
How do you usually diagnose tapeworms?
See the adults in feces.
Which mite has large papal claws?
Cheyletiella
Which mite lives in tunnels in the skin?
Sarcoptes scabei
Which mite causes black dry debris in the ear canal?
Otodectes cynotis
Which tick is the vector for Lyme's Disease?
Ixodes dammini (deer tick)
What does Fenbendazole (Panacur) treat?
Ascarids, hookworms, whipworms, tapeworms
What do sulfonamides treat?
Coccidia
Sulfadimethoxine (Albon)
What is an immiticide?
It kills the adult heartworms, an adulticide.
What does Fenbendazole (Panacur) treat?
Ascarids, hookworms, whipworms, tapeworms
What do sulfonamides treat?
Coccidia
Sulfadimethoxine (Albon)
What is an immiticide?
It kills the adult heartworms, an adulticide.