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28 Cards in this Set

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What is PUBLIC HEALTH?
community efforts designed to prevent disease and promote health
What are the benefits from public health?
-dramatic increase in life expectancy
-decreased number of deaths from stroke and coronary heart disease
-declines in death rates of adults and children
-population focused PH approaches could help prevent upto 70% of early deaths in America, compared to only 10% for medical treatment
What is the goal of COMMUNITY-BASED NURSING?
-manange acute and chronic illness care
What is the focus of COMMUNITY-BASED NURSING?
Focus is on "ILLNESS CARE" of individuals and families across the life span
-provide acute and chronic illness care and the provision of comprehensive, coordinated, and continuous care
-a setting specific practice, care is provided where people live, work, and attend school
What is the goal of COMMUNITY-ORIENTED NURSING?
-prevent disease and disability
-promote, protect, and maintain health
What is the focus of COMMUNITY-ORIENTED NURSING?
Focus is on "health care" of individuals, families, and groups in community
-provide health care to promote quality of life
-community diagnosis, health surveillance, monitoring and evaluation of community and population
What is the PRIMARY LEVEL OF CARE?
first contact to seek services
What is the SECONDARY LEVEL OF CARE?
a condition when treatment is needed. not complicated condition; the treatment model is a sure thing. example common cold
What is the TERTIARY LEVEL OF CARE?
HAVE DIFFERENT SPECIALTY DOCTORS PROVIDING CARE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL. PROBLEM IS MORE COMPLEXED EX. CANCER
What is a PRIMARY LEVEL OF PREVENTION?
prevention of the initial occurrence of a disease or injury. Ms B does not have the disease. example education, immunizations, teaching to stay away from the disease, family planning, environmental protection, fitness classes
What is a SECONDARY LEVEL OF PREVENTION?
The person has the disease. involve in screening activities for early detection and prompt treatment. Includes early detection of disease or disability, prevention or limitation of disability, and diagnosis and treatment (e.g., blood-pressure screenings, hearing and vision screening, pregnancy testing)
What is a TERTIARY LEVEL OF PREVENTION?
rehabilitation state. to prevent disability and complications of the disease. to provide client with maximum functional level. Care after disease or disability has occurred to prevent further disease progression and assist an individual to his/her maximum potential in spite of the illness or injury (e.g., long-term care, rehabilitation)
What is PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM?
-seeks to ensure that the health of the community is protected , promoted, and ensured.
-is mandated through laws that are developed at the national, state, or local level
-is organized into multiple levels comprising the federal, state, and local systems
What is PRIMARY CARE SYSTEM?
The providing of integrated, accesible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community.
-Personal health care that provides "first contact" and continuous, comprehensive, and coordinated care.
-aimed at curing and controlling problem
What is PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SYSTEM?
-A combination of primary care and public health care made universally acessible to individuals and families in the community, with their full participation, and provided at a cost that the community and county can afford
- a comprehensive range of services including public health, prevention, diagnostic, theraopeutic, and rehabilitative services
-both primary care and public health services that are designed to meet the basic needs of people in communities at an affordable cost
-mainly focused on prevention
community
group of people who have some personal or environmental characteristics in common
population
a group of people that have at least one thing in common but may not interact with each other
community based nursing
includes the setting and the practice of the community health nursing
community health nursing
(CHN)
is nursing care that takes place somewhere other than in the acute-care setting, a synthesis of nursing and public health practice applied to promoting and preserving the health of the population.
Major responsibility is health promotion and disease prevention. The community or population is the client. Community health nursing includes the areas of school health, home health, hospice, public health, primary health care, occupational health, parish health, etc.
community-focused
or
population care
refers to nursing activities specific to the health promotion and prevention of disease that affect a community's general health status
Public Health Nursing
(PHN)
is population-focused, community-oriented nursing with the goal of caring for the larger community and synthesizing the body of knowledge from the public health sciences and professional nursing theories for the purpose of improving the health of the entire community. It is a subspecialty of community health nursing (community-oriented). considered specialists and usually have a graduate or doctorate degree. public health nurse specialists include directors of nursing in health departments or directors of health departments.
aggregate
is a collection of individuals who have one or more personal or environmental characteristics in common; however, they may or may not be considered a community
Educational theories:
Behavioral Theory
suggests that learning is the result of conditioning in which the learner's behavior is reinforced (positively or negatively) until the desired behavior becomes a habit.
Educational Theories:
Social learning theory
suggest that learning or behaviors are based on the individual's expectations about the value of an outcome or self-efficacy
Educational Theories:
Cognitive Theory
maintains that by changing the thought patterns and providing information,learner's behaviors will change.
Educational Theories:
Humanistic Theory
describes the influence of feelings, emotions, and personal relationships on behavior
Educational Theories:
Developmental theory
maintains that learning occurs in concert with developmental stages.
Educational Theories:
Critical theory
suggests that learning is an ongoing dialogue