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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
history of groups
1.Moreno - term 'group psychotherapy' coined in 20's
2. Lewin - field theory concepts and T-group movement in U.S.
3. Gestalt approach - perls - brought to interest to groups
4. Deming, quality work groups to improve processes and to build morale with workers.
5. Schutz and Gibb- emphasized humanistic approach to T-groups - personal growth as goal
6. Rogers, developed encounter group that became basis for growth oriented groups
Moreno...memebers participate in unrehearsed role play with group leader as director
T= training. Evolved from a focus on task to a primary emphasis on interpersonal relationships - similar to family therapy - interested in group as whole, as well as individuals
Encounter group
emerged from t-groups. with an attempt to focus on grouwth of individual not group as whole. Focus on individual expression and recognition of affect.
Group Marathons
an extended one session group that breaks down defensive barriers that individuals may otehrwise use.
Self-help/support groups
Self help group usually develops sponteneuosly, focuses on one topic with little formal training. Supoprt groups are similar but usually have someone trained.
Counseling and Psychotgherapy group myths:
1. artificial and unreal, 2. second rate strucutres for dealing with problems, 3. force people to lose their identity, 4. require people to become very emotional, 5. toucy-feely, confrontational, and hostile - they are brainwashing
Def. of a group
2 or more people working together to to achieve a goal for of mutual benefit
Theraputic Factors within groups
-installation of hope, universality, imparting of info, altruism, corrective recapulatio of the primary family group, dev. of socializing techniques, imitaative behavior, interpersonal learning, group cohesiveness, catharsis, existential factors
benefits and drawbacks of groups:
can help high-schoolers learn social problem solving behaviors, can promote career dev., can improve functioning and well being, help deal better w/ stressors in life, increase maturity processes.
Disadvantage: some peopel and some problems aren't suited for groups. May lapse in groupthink mentality
Psychoeducational groups
guidance or educational groups that preventive and instructive. Help people to deal with potential threats, developmental life events`, or immediate life crisis.
Counseling groups
interpersonal problem solving groups. Non severe career, educational, personal, social, and developmental concerns are addressed. More direct then psychoeducational groups and is condcutred in a smaller more intimate space.
Psychotherapy groups
personality reconstruction groups - help individual members remediate indepth psychological problems. - often used in inpatient facilities
Task/work groups
help members apply the processes of group dynamics to improve practiecs. Run best when:
purpose of group is clear to everyone, process and content are balanced, time taken for culture builing and learning about one anotehr. Conflict is addressed, feedback b/n members, attention to the here and now, reflection on what has happened
3 factors to consider in groups when trying to choose a theoretical perspective
do i need a theoretical base to conduct this group? 2, what uses will the theory best serve? 3. what criteria employed in selection process?
Staging in groups
1. Formation - foundation layed, members express their anxieties, etc.
2. Storming - turmoil and conflict usually occur. 3. Norming - having survived storming the group has more enthusiasm and cohesion. 4. Adjourning or mourning stage - group comes to end
Issues that potential members should clarify before entering a group
clear statement of groups purpose, group fomat, rules, and procedures. statement about edu. and training, disclosure about risks involved, discussion about limitations of confidentiality
Group size and duration
determined by purpose and preference = they affect one another though.
Open vs. close ended gruops
open = admit people after group has started.
Reccomendations for feedback
should be beneficial to the reciever, based on describable behavior, positive better then negative, most effective when follows a stimulus behavior and is validated by others, better when reciever is open and trusts the giver
4 leadership qualities that have a pos. effect on groups
Caring, 2. meaning attribute, emotional simulation, executive function