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60 Cards in this Set

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activities that develop attitudes and behavior that help the person achieve a higher level of health, improve well beingq
health promotion
protect people from illness bc of actual or potential health threats
disease prevention
possessing the abilities and resources to accomplish family developmental tasks
family health
factors that determine or influence whether disease or other unhealthy results occur
health risks
process of assessing for the presence of specific factors in each of the categories that have been identified as being associated with an increased likelihood of an illness, like cancer, or an unhealthy even, like MVA
health risk appraisal
based on the assumption that decreasing the number of risks or the magnitude of risk will result in a lower probability of an undesired event.
health risk reduction
5 phases of home visit
initiation, pre visit, in home, termination, post visit
3 phases of contracting
beginning,working, termination
7 steps of ethical decision making
1) identify issues
2) place them w/in meaningful context
3) obtain relevant facts
4) reformulate issues
5) consider approaches
6) make decision or take action
7) evaluate
4 ethical principle
beneficence, nonmaleficence, respect for autonomy, distributive justice
an approach where the right action is the one that produces the greatest amount of good or the least amount of evil in a given situation
consequentialism
a type of consequentialism (doing the greatest good for the greatest amount of people)
utilitarianism
belief that actions are either right or wrong regardless of the amount of good that might come from it. people should be treated as ends rather than means
deontology
2 things nurses are responsible for (code duties)
confidentiality
accountability
duty to tell the truth and not lie or decieve ppl
veracity
protects the client's right to privacy (not absolute)
confidentiality
nurse speaks for or in support of the best interest of the client
advocacy
indicates a respect for human dignity and desire to preserve health
caring
being answerable for something one has done
accountability
2 components of christoffel's public health advocacy
products -- decrease morbidity and mortality
process
3 stages of christoffel conceptual framework for advocacy
1. information stage--gather data
2. strategy stage--planning
3. action stage--implementing
2 parish nursing models
congregational--more autonomous
institutional--with collaboration and partnership
people and the relationships that emerge among them as they develop and use in common some agencies and institution and a physical environment
community
community is made up of what 3 things
people, place and function
collection of individuals who have in common one or more personal or environmental characteristics
aggregate
3 common characteristics of community health
status, structure, and process
difference between community and community health
community--people, place and function
community health--status, structure, process
collaborative decision-making process participated in by community members and professionals
community partnership
a goal of the nursing practice in the community; requires making linkages with services to improve the client's health status
continuity of care
a program or process that establishes systems and monitors the health status of individuals, families or groups; the program or process develops planning and intervention activities, as well as targeted evaluation outcomes for the client and program
care management
includes the actitivites implemented with individual clients in the system. it builds on the basic functions of the traditional role and adapts new competencies for managing transition from one part of the system to another or to home, wellness and prevention, and multidisciplinary teams.
case management
activities for the purpose of protecting the rights of others while supporting the client's responsibility for self-determination; involves informing, supporting, and affirming a client's self-determination in health care decision
advocacy
a too with cause and effect gride which identifies expected pt/family and staff behaviors against a time line for a case-type or otherwise defined homogenous population
care maps
a goal of the nursing practice in the community; requires making linkages with services to improve the client's health status
continuity of care
a program or process that establishes systems and monitors the health status of individuals, families or groups; the program or process develops planning and intervention activities, as well as targeted evaluation outcomes for the client and program
care management
includes the actitivites implemented with individual clients in the system. it builds on the basic functions of the traditional role and adapts new competencies for managing transition from one part of the system to another or to home, wellness and prevention, and multidisciplinary teams.
case management
activities for the purpose of protecting the rights of others while supporting the client's responsibility for self-determination; involves informing, supporting, and affirming a client's self-determination in health care decision
advocacy
Process of advocacy (4)
informing
supporting
affirming
systematic problem solving
community efforts designed to prevent disease and promote health
public health
3 public health core functions
assessment, policy development, and assurance
systemic data collection on the population, monitoring the population's health status, and making info available about the health of the community
assessment
efforts to develop policies that support the health of the population through research and leadership
policy development
making sure that essential community-oriented health services are available
assurance
type of practice focus in nursing where the focus is on providing services to individuals, rather than a population, while maintaining an appreciation for the values of the community
individual, family and group focused
type of practice focus in nursing where it emphasize health protection, health promotion and disease prevention of a population
population focused
type of nursing where the goal is to manage acute and chronic conditions
community based nursing
type of nursing where the goal is to prevent disease and disability; promote, protect, and maintain health
community oriented nursing
type of nursing where the focus is on ILLNESS CARE of individuals and families across the life span
community based nursing
type of nursing where the focus is on HEALTH CARE of individuals, family and groups in the community
commuity oriented nursing
type of nursing where the goal is to preserve, protect, promote and maintain health of individuals, families and groups in the community
community health nursing practice
type of nursing where the gal is to prevent disease and disability and promote and protect the community as a whole
public health nursing practice
type of nursing where the focus is on the health of individuals, families, and groups and how their health status affects the community as a whole
community health nursing practice
type of nursing where the focus is on the community as a whole and the effect of the community's health status on the health of individuals, familis and groups
public health nursing practice
year when SSS came about
1935
the providing of integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health with pt's, and practicing in the context of family and community
primary care
a combination of primary care and public health care made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community, with their full participation, and provided at a cost that the community and county can afford
primary health care
the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health and efficiency through organized community effort
public health
a set of beliefs, values, and assumptions about life that are widely held among a group of people and that are transmitted across generation
culture
a biological resignation whereby group members share features, structure, genetic traits such as blood grouping
race
shared feeling of peoplehood among group of individuals
ethnicity