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96 Cards in this Set

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s/s aids
early onset loss of appetite
weight loss/fever night sweats/fatigue/poor resistance to infection/swollen lymph glands
incubation aids
6 month to 10 yrs
chicken pox s/s
varcilla zoster-crops of pruritic vesiculr erruptions slight fever,malaise
tx for varcilla zoster
chicken pox bed rest tropical antipuritics/reportable to cdc
common cold-s/s uri s/s
slight sore throat watery eyes runny nose sneezing chills malaise low grade fever
incubation chicken pox -varcilla zoster
2-3 weeks ususally 13-17 days
tx for common cold
rest/decongestant/mild pain relievers increase fluid intake
common cold how it spreads
direct/ in direct contact
incubation common cold
12-72 hrs some viruses 2-7 days
usually 24 hrs
conjunctivitis(pink eye)s/s
redness of eyes,itching burning of eyes matted eyelashes
incubation period of conjunctivitis
viral 24 hrs/bacterial24-72 hrs
repotable to cdc
transmission of pinkeye
direct /indirect contact with discharge of eyes or uri tract of infected person
tx of concuctivitis
antibacterial agents/antibiodics corticosteroids depending on cause
trnsmission of head lice(pediculosis)
direct contact with infected person
incubation of pediculosis
1 week (nits hatch in 1 week mature in 2weeks)
s/s pediculosis(head lice)
itching scalp presence of gray lice and nits base of hair
reportable to cdc
haemophillus influenza type b
flu transmission
direct / indirect contactand droplet infection from rep trac
incubation haemophillus influenza
3 plus days
s/s of haemophilus influenza
uri sym/fever aches no appetite/
reportable to cdc
tx of haemophilus influenza
antibiotics /increased fluid intake/antipyretics rest analgesics
transmission of hepatitis a
direct contact /fecal contaminated food /water
incubation of hepatitis a
14-50n day average
25-30 day
s/s hepatitis a
slow onset fever,malaise,loss of appetite,nausea ,vomiting,jaundice weakness dark
urine whitish stool
reportable to cdc
tx hepatitis a
bed rest increased fluid,proper nourishment(no fats alchol)
transmission hepatites b/c
contaminated serum in blood transfussion or use of contaminated needles
incubation on hepatis b/c
14-50 day
s/s of hepatitis b/c
fever,malaise loss of appetitevomiting,jaundice weakness whitish srool
quicker onset than hep na
reportable to cdc
tx for hep b/c
increase fluid bed rest proper diet
transmission herpes simplex
(cold sores)
direct contact with infected person
incubation herpes simplex
2-10days
s/s of herpes simplex
painful blisters on lips /turn pustularand thn form crusted scabs /lesions are small ulcerated areas
tx of herpes simplex
topical applications/drying medications /antibiotics for secondary infections
transmission of impetigo
direct contact with draining sores
incubation of impetigo
2-10 days
s/s of impetigo
blisterlike lesions/LATER BECOMING CRUSTED ,ITCHING
TX OF IMPETIGO
CLEANSING OF AREAS WITH ANTIBACTERIAL SOAPAND WATER TOPICAL/OR ORAL ANTIBIOTICS
TRANSMISSION OF
INFLUENZA
DIRECT/INDIRECT AND BY AIRBORNE
AND SECREATIONS
INCUBATION OF INFLUENZA
1-3 DAYS
S/S OF INFLUENXA
SUDDEN ONSET OF FEVER,CHILLS, HEADACHE,SORE MUSCLES ,MALAISE
RUNNY NOSE SORE THROUGHT AND
REPORTABLE TO CDC
TX OF INFLUENZA
BED REST INCREASE FLUID TAKE ANTIPYRETICS
MENINGITIS ASEPTIC TRANSMISSION
DIRECT CONTACT ORAL -FECAL ROUTE
RESPIRATORY SECREATIONS
INCUBATION OF MENIGITES ASEPTIC
1-3 DAYS
S/S OF MENGITES ASEPTIC
SUDDEN OR GRADUAL ONSET OF FEVER /INTENSE HEADACHE/NAUSEA VOMITING/STIFF NECK IRRATIBILITY SLUGGISH REPORT TO CDC
TX MENGINTES ASEPTIC
HOSPITILAZATION ,BED REST INCREASED FLUID ,ANTIPYRETICS,ANGALESICS
TRANSMISSION OF MENGITES -BACTERIAL
(HAEMOPHIKLUS MENGINGOCCAL)
DIRECT CONTACT AND DROPLET INFECTION FROM RESPIRATORY SECREATIONS
INCUBATION OF MENGITES -BACTERIAL
(haemophilus mengincoccal)
1-10 days usually 3-4
s/s mengites bacterial
(haemophilus menginococcal)
sudden onset of fever intense headach nausea sometimes pecctorial rash /possible seizures and or coma
report to cdc
tx of mengites 9bacterial)
hAEMOPHILUS MENGINOCOCCAL)
HOSPITILIZATION BED REST ANTIBIOTICS BY IV OR ORAL
INCREASED FLUIDS ANTIPYRETICS ANGELISICS
PIN WORMS(ENTERO BIUS VERMICULARIS) TRANSMISSION
DIRECT TRANSFER OF EGGS ANUS/ MOUTH /INDIRECT WITH CLOTHING OR BEDDING
INCUBATION OF ENTERO BIUS VERMICULARIS(PIN WORMS
3WEEKS-3 MONTH
S/S OF ENTERO BIUS SION OF VERMICULARIS.
ANAL ITCHING INSOMNIA
TX OF PIN WORMS
ANTHELMINTICS INITIATE SCRUPLAS PERSONAL HYGEINE ,SHORTEN FINGERNAILS LAUNDER WASHABLE ITEMS IN BOILED WATER
TRANSMISSION OF PNEUMONIA
DIRECT/ INDIRECT CONTACT
INCUBATION OF PNEUMONIA
SUDDEN ONSET
S/S OF PNEUMONIA
HIGH FEVER SHAKING CHILLS PRODUCTIVE CHARGE
TX OF PNEUMONIA
ANTIBIOTICS LIGUID REST ANTIPYRETICS
TRANSMISSION OF SCABIES
DIRECT CONNTACT OR INDIRECT CONTACT WITH INFECTED CLOTHING/BEDDING
INCUBATION OF SCABIES
2-6 WEEKS
S/S OF SCABIES
INTENSE ITCHING OF SMALL RAISED AREAS OF SKIN THAT CONTAIN FLUID OR TINY BURROWS UNDER THE SKIN RESEMBLING A LINE MAY BE ANY WHERE ON BODY
REPORTABLE TO CDC
TX OF SCABIES
TOPICAL SCABICIDE AND ANTI HISTAMINES AND SABICYLATES TO REDUCE ITCHING
TRANSMISSION OF STREP THROAT
DIRECT CONTACT
INCUBATION OF STREB THROAT
1-3 DAYS
S/S OF STREB THROAT
FEVER RED SORE THROAT PUS SPOTS ON BACK OF THROAT TENDER AND SWOLLEN GLANDS OF NECK
TX OF STRP THROAT
INCREASE FLUID ANTIPYRETICS,ANTIBIOTICS
TRANSMISSION OF SCARLET FEVER
(SCARLINTINA STREPOCOCCAL)
direct /indirect contact
incubation of scarlet fever
1-7 days
s/s of scarlet fever
fever res sore throat pus spots on back of throat tender swollen glands of neck and strawberry tongue rash of skin and inside of mouth high fever nausea and vomiting report to cdc
tx of scarlet fever
antibiotics,analgesics, antipyretics increase fluids and bed rest
infection cycle
resevoir host/means of exit/means of transmission/means of entry/suseceptible host
droplet transmission
tiny drops of vapor up to 20 feet
heterotrophs
feed on organic matter
autotrophs
feed on inorganic matter
sanitization
washing scrubbing to remove materials such as body tissues
rinse in cool water then soaked in warm detergent 20 min washed scrubbed with brush rinsed with warm or hot water
reduces amount of pathogens to a non transmissional
disinfection
disease producing pathogens are killed via chemicals zephrin chloride /chlorophenyl on objects not people /change often kills microorganisms but not spores
sterilization
process that detroys all pathogens including spores
done 3 ways autoclaving/ oven heat (dry heat) and radiation
autoclaving
steam and pressure item remains sterile 30 days
dry heat oven
used with sharp instruments take s 2 hours at 350 degrees
cholera
from contaminated food/water
autotrophs
feed on inorganic matter
obligate parasite
completely dependent on host
tinea pedis
fungus condition
viruses
smallest of all microorganisms
escherichia coli
common caude of uti
dysentery
protozoa
facukitive parasites
can live independently
ticks and fleas
external parasites
heterotrophs
feed on organic matter
pathagens
disease producing organisms
anaerobes
grow best in absense of o2
varicella
chicken pox
uri
common cold
conjunctivitis
pink eye
pediculosis
head lice
herpes simplex
fever blister
enterobius vermicularis
pin worms'
scarlintina
scarlet fever