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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
communication
the process by which meaning is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, or behavior
process
an activity, exchange, or set of behaviors that occur over time
meaning
the shared understanding of the message constructed in the minds of the communicators
dialogue
the act of taking part in a conversation, discussion, or negotiation
source
a message initiator
reciever
a message target
message
the verbal or nonverbal form of the idea, thought, or feeling that one person wishes to communicate to another person or group of people
channel
the means by which a message moves from the source to the receiver of the message
feedback
the reciever's verbal and nonverbal response to the source's message
code
a systematic arrangement of symbols used to create meanings in the mind of another person or persons
syntax
the rules of arrangement in language
grammar
the rules of function in language
verbal codes
symbols and their grammatical arrangement, such as languages
nonverbal codes
all symbols that are not words, including bodily movements, use of space and time, clothing and adornments, and sounds other than words
encoding
the process of translating an idea or thought into a code
decoding
the process of assigning meaning to the idea or thought in a code
noise
any interference in the encoding and decoding processes that reduces message clarity
action model
a depicition of communication as one person sending a message and another person or group of persons receiving it
interaction model
a depiction of communication as one person sending a message and a second person receiving the message and then responding with a return message
transaction model
a depiction of communication as communicators simultaneously sending and receiving messages
constructivist model
a theory of communication which posits that receivers create their own reality in their minds
context
a set of circumstances or a situation
intrapersonal communication
the process of understanding and sharing meaning within the self
interpersonal communication
the personal process of coordinating meaning between at least two people in a situation that allows mutual opportunities for both speaking and listening
dyadic comunication
two-person communication
small-group communication
the interaction of a small group of people to acheive an interdependent goal
public communication
the process of generating meanings in a situation where a single source transmits a message to a number of receivers who give nonverbal and, sometimes, question-and-answer feedback
mass communication
communication mediated, via a transmission system, between a source and a large number of unseen receivers
communication competence
the ability to effectively exchange meaning through a common system of symbols, signs, or behavior
ethics
a set of moral principles or values