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8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Epstein-Barr (Infectious Mononucleosis)
Transmission-direct contact with secretions, blood. no vaccination or natural immunity
Manifestations-fever, pharyngitis, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, malaise, headache, nausea, abdominal pain, may have rash
Complications-splenic rupture
Erythema Infectiosum (Parvovirus B19; fifth disease)
Infectious- unknown prodomol until rash. not contagious after rash appears
Transmission- droplets, no vaccination
Manifestations- mild rash that starts on face "slapped cheek" to 1-4 day lacy red rash on trunk and limbs, may itch, may have low grade fever, malaise or "cold" few days before rash. rash may leave and return for few weeks
Complications- generally none for child. fetal complications for pregnant women
Infectious- 7 days before swelling until 9 days after
Transmission- droplet
Manifestations- fever, headache, muscle ache, then swelling of salivary glands
Complications- encephalitis
Pertussis (whooping cough)
Infectious- beginning of symptoms to fourth week
Transmission- droplet. vaccination or natural immunity
Manifestations- stage I; rhinorrhea, lacrimation, cough. stage II; increased severity of cough, repetitive coughs during one inspiration, whooping, cyanosis, vomiting; stage III symptoms decrease
Complications- pneumonia, anoxia, death
Roseola (sixth disease)
Infectious- estimated from fever to rash
Transmission- mostly likely direct contact with secretions. no vaccination
Manifestations- sudden high fever, malaise, irritability, fever for 3-5 days then within several hours to 2 days rosy pink rash that blanches, may be surrounded by white ring for 48 hours.
Complications- generally none for child
Rubella (German measles)
Infectious- 7 days before rash until 14 days after rash.
Transmission- droplet transplacental. vaccination or natural immunity.
Manifestations- pinkish rose rash begins on face, scalp, neck, spreads downward about day 1-3. petechiae on soft palate (Forschheimer's sigh)
Complications- fetal complications for pregnant women
Rubeola (measles)
Infectious- airborne. vaccination or natural immunity.
Manifestations- fever, coryza, cough, conjunctivitis koplik spots on palate 2 days before rash, rash behind ear, hairline and upper neck, moves downward about day 3.
Complications- diarrhea, ear infections, pneumonia, encephalitis. fetal complications for pregnant women.
Varicella (chickenpox)
Infectious- 1-2 days before rash until crusted (5-7 days)
Transmission- direct contact, airborne*. vaccination or natural immunity.
Manifestations- blister like lesions, most have fever just before rash appears.
Complications- pneumonia, skin infection, encephalitis. fetal complications for pregnant women.