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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Schramm's model
comm only happens if fields of experience overlap (both ppl have similar experience)
semantic noise
when you don't understand meaning of the msg
psychological noise
whats going on in your head that distracts you
analogic codes
direct representation of what they represent (ex: pictures) you don't need to know language to understand
digital codes
gives many details about things not there (ex: paragraph)
use of space, ex: prisons, schools, rodney dorms vs. new dorms, intimate (0-18"), personal (18"-4'), social (4-12'), public (12-25')
tone, volume, pitch, accents
*non-fluencies/vocal segregates: um, well (nervous)
*rate of speech: slower=less credible, faster=social situations
body language
*emblems: only non-verbal cue with direct verbal meaning (put finger up for shhh)
*illustrators: pointing finger & saying LOOOK!
*regulators: tell you when to talk/stop
*affect displays: dad crosses arms when angry
*adaptors: show nervous, self-adaptors: biting nails, object-adaptors: play w/ pen
physical appearance
anything you do w/ your body
*artifacts: things we use to decorate selves
eye contact
*expressive function: convey emotion
*regulative function: look away when not interested
denotive meaning
public, conventional meaning
connotive meaning
private, emotional meaning
*what it means to you
how words are combined and ordered in grammatical sequences
syntactic meaning
meaning based on word order
language as it is used in actual interaction
speech acts
promising, questioning, threatening, praising, declaring, warning, requesting
constitutive rules
tells us how to recongnize speech acts
regulative rules
identify if speech acts are appropriate or inappropriate in a given context
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
2 parts:
*linguistic determinism: says that language determines the way we interpret the world
*linguistic relativity: if language determines thought, then speakers of diff languages will experience the world diff
elaborated code
middle-class speakers, more grammatically complex
restricted code
commonly shared language
female register
qualifiers (kind of, maybe)
tag endings (right? ok?)
disclaimers (i may be wrong, but...)
critical theorists
whenever we choose words, we also choose a point of view
spontaneous communication
nonvoluntary display of inner emotions that other ppl pick up on
assumed ownership of space
facial blend
when emotion on face starts to fade
vocal qualities
loudness, pitch, tempo, intensity, etc.
vocal characterizers
laughing, crying, yelling, moaning, whining
everyone in group treated the same
status, hierarchy
platonic relationship
opposite of romantic
not sexual
behavioral control
the need ppl have to control their lives
talking about communicating
"did you understand what I was telling you before?"
instead of focusing on one behavior, ppl take the whole package of nonverbal behaviors to determine meaning
powerless speech
when ppl use tag endings
used more by women