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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Verbal communication where sound is required. The articulation of phonemes.
Speech
Arrangement of words to form meaningful sentences
syntax
The meaning conveyed by words, phrases, and sentences
Semantics
Study of speech sounds, patterns, and rules used to create words with those sounds
Phonology
Certificate of Clinical Competency in Speech Language Pathology. Masters, Clinical Practicum, Fellowship, Pass national exam
CCC-SLP
Certificate of Clinical Competence in Audiology. Academic course work, clinical practicum, clinical fellowship, pass national exam
CCC-A
Long durations of dysfluency along with tension and struggle. Repitions of words or parts of words.
Stuttering
Movement of the speech mechanism to produce sound.
Soft palate, tongue, lips
Articulation
Transmission from the outer ear to the inner ear is impaired. Often caused by ear infection.
Conductive Hearing Loss
When the inner ear, or the nerve to the brain is impaired.
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
To produce sound
Phonate
Single speech sound
Phone
Language disorder due to brain damage or disease that causes difficulty in formulating, expressing, and understanding
Aphasia
Clinical Fellowship Year. Additional supervised clinical experience obtained after a graduate education
CFY
Impaired fluency including rapid articulation and disorganized thought
Cluttering
Organization to which many specialists belong.
ASHA- American Speech Language Hearing Association
Vowels or consonants
CVC, VC, CV, CVCV
Syllables
Smallest meaningful unit in language
Morpheme
The study of language, its structure, and the rules that govern
Linguistics
Innate understanding of the rules of grammar
Language Competence
When the most crucial words of a sentence are present but less important words are omitted. "me sick"
Telegrapic Speech
The production of language
Language performance
Group of speech sounds important for meaning and meaning changes
phoneme
Essential for oral communication. The larynx is the most important part.
Voice
Total loss of voice due to emotional trauma. These people whisper to communicate.
Aphonia
Noticed at time of birth or soon after.
Congenital
Disorders with unknown origins. Otherwise the person is generally healthy.
Functional
Method of exchanging information between two people
Communication
When the structures of the throat, mouth, and nose modify the sound of the larynx
Resonance
A system of symbols and codes maintained by a verbal community.
Language
Stands alone and means something
(you, me)
Free morpheme
Needs to be attached to another morpheme to have meaning
Bound morpheme
Most important component of voice located in the neck and contains the vocal folds
Larynx
Easy, smooth free flowing effortless speech the facilitates communication
Fluency
Production, perception, and classification of sounds
Phonetics
Study of word Structure
Morphology
Language use in social situations
Pragmatics
Caused by defects to the neurophysiological mechanisms of speech. Ex: a stroke with damage to the left side of the brain
Orgainic Disorders
Occurs after normal periods of communication gained through stroke, hearing loss, or stuttering
Aquired