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55 Cards in this Set

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What is a single infinitive phrase that states precisely what a speaker hopes to accomplish in his or her speech
specific purpose statement
What is the broad goal of a speech
general purpose
What is a one-sentence statement that sums up or encapsulates the major ideas of a speech
thesis statement
What is what a speaker wants the audience to remember after it has forgotten everything else in a speech
residual message
When your general purpose is to inform, what is your goal
to convey information clearly, accurately, and interestingly
When your general purpose is to persuade, what is your goal
to change or structure the attitude or actions of your audience
What are tips for purpose statements
1. full infinitive phrases, not fragments.
2. statement, not question.
3. avoid figurative lang.
4. limit to one idea.
5. not too vague or general.
What are questions to check your specific purpose
1. meet the assignment?
2. accomplish it in allotted time?
3. relevant to audience?
4. too trivial for audience?
5. too technical for audience?
Have you read the chapter summaries yet?
probably not, please remember to do so.
What is the difference between listening and hearing?
Hearing is simply the vibration of sound waves on the eardrums and the firing of electrochemical impulses in the brain. Listening is paying close attention to and making sense of what we hear.
What is appreciative listening
listening for pleasure or enjoyment
What is empathic listening
listening to provide emotion support for a speaker
What is comprehensive listening
listening to understand the message of a speaker
what is critical listening
listening to evaluate a message for purposes of accepting or rejecting it
What are the components of the speech communication process?
speaker, message, channel, listener, feedback, interference, and situation.
What is the speaker
the person who is presenting an oral message to a listener
What is a message
whatever a speaker communciates to someone else
What is a channel
the means by which a message is communicated
What is a listener
the person who receives the speaker's message
What is the frame of reference
the sum of a person's knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitudes. No two people can have exactly the same frame of reference.
What is feedback
the messages usually nonverbal, sent from a listener to a speaker
what is interference
anything that impedes the communication of a message
What are the two types of interference
1. external-anything external to the audience such as traffic
2. internal- comes from within the audience such as worry about a test
What are the 3 types of plagiarism
1. Global--stealing an entire speech
2. Patchwork--stealing from 2 or 3 sources
3. Incremental--failing to give credit
4. Paraphrases--restating an author's ideas in your own words
What is situation
the time and place in which speech communication occurs
What is inclusive language and its application
Language that does not stereotype, demean, or patronize people on the basis of gender, race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or other factors.
Application--Correcting language so that it is respectful of our audience. Avoid gender, unneccessary personal traits, group names (such as Asian instead of Chinese Americans)
What is critical thinking
focused organized thinking about such things as the logical relattionships among ideas, the soundness of evidence and the differences between fact and opinion.
What is egocentrism and examples
the tendency of people to be concerned above all with their own values, beliefs, and well-bring.
Speeches that are important to the audience and speak about something in their life
What is ethnocentrism and example
The belief that one's own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures.
How we think that our values, beliefs, and custom are "right and normal" while all others are "unnatural and wrong"
Have you gotten a scantron yet?
Hopefully so, but if not, go buy the AU bookstore.
What are the 2 functions of a conculsion
1. to let the audience know you are ending your speech
2. to reinforce the central idea
p.s. be able to identify this
What are the components of a sucessful intro and conculsion?
I do not know--email ms stull
What are the functions of an introduction
1. get the attention and interest
2. reveal the topic
3. establish the credibility and goodwill
4. preview the body of the speech
What is the difference of connotative and denotative meaning
The denotative meaning is the literal or dictionary, while the connotative is the meaning suggested by the associations or emotions triggered by a word or phrase.
What are the guidelines for ethical listening
1. be courteous and attentive
2. avoid prejudgin the speaker
3. maintain the free and open expression of ideas
p.s. be able to identify
What are the guidelines of ethical speaking
1. make sure your goals are ethically sound
2. be fully prepared
3. be honest
4. avoid name-calling or other forms of abusive lang.
5. ethics!
p.s. be able to identify
What is abusive language
name-calling; to deframe, demean, or degrade individuals or groups
What is a crescendo ending and identify
a conclusion in which the speech builds to a senith or power and intensity
What is a dissolve ending and identify
a conclusion that generates emotion appeal by fading step-by-step to a dramatic final statement
What are the 4 connectives and identify them
1. transitions
2. internal preview
3. internal summaries
4. signposts (similiar to transitions but might use numbers and more personal statements such as be sure to keep this in mind
What are the types of organizations and identify them
1. Chronological --to inform
2. Spatial (directional)--to inform
3. Casual (cause and effect)--to inform or persuade
4. Problem-solution --to persuade
5. Topical order --to inform or persuade
What is the difference of concrete and abstact words
concrete refer to tangible objects while abstract refer to ideas or concepts.
concrete words make a speech clearer and easier to recall
What are vocalized pauses and examples
A pause that occurs when a speaker fills the silence between words with vocalization such as uh, er, and em
What is audience-centerness
keeping the audience foremost in mind at ever step of speech preparation and presentation--become better at this by adapting to connect to their goals, beliefs, etc.
What are the types of delivery and identify
1. manuscript
2. memory
3. impromptu
4. extemporaneously (use notecards)
What is Dialect?
a variety of a language distinguished by variations of accent, grammar, or vocab
What is pronunciation and identify
the accepted standard of sound and rhythm for words in a given language
arctic is arc-tic not ar-tic
What is articulation and identify
the physical production of particular speech sounds
ought to is not otta
What are the types of audience analysis and what do they require
1. Demographic--age, gender, sex, racial/ethic/cultural background, religion, group membership
2. situational--size, physical setting, dispotion toward: topic, speakor or occasion
What are the causes of poor listening and identify
1. not concentrating
2. listening too hard
3. jumping to conclusions
4. focusing on delivery and personal appearance
What is parallelism
The similar arrangement of a pair or series of related words, phrases, or sentences
What is repetition
reiteration of the same word or set of words at the beginning or end of successive clauses or sentences
What is alliteration
repetition of the initial consonant sound of close or adjoining words
What is antithesis
the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, usually in parallel structure
(ask NOT what you can do, but what you can do)
what is a metaphor
a comparison not using like or as (a simile uses like or as)