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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Horseshoe kidney traped by this structure
Inferior mesenteric artery
Hyperfiltration injury later in life due to this
Unilateral renal agenesis
Bilateral renal agenesis leads to this
Oligohydramnios, Potter sequence: lung hypoplasia, flat face, low set ears, limb problems.
Cysts and abnormal tissue (cartilage) in the renal parenchyma.
Dysplastic kidney(s)
Bilateral enlarged kidneys in renal cortex, medulla. Presents in infants..."baby with portal HTN"
Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease
Cysts in kidney, cysts in liver. Cysts in liver leads to hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension.
Bilateral enlarged kidneys in the renal cortex and medulla presenting in the young adult with hypertension. Associated with berry aneurysm.
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease
Cysts develop over time. Increased plasma renin.
"Cysts in liver, kidney, brain"
Shrunken kidney with cysts in medullary collecting ducts
Medullary Cystic Kidney Disease
Proteinuria >3.5g; Hodgkin's disease, responsive to steroids
Minimal Change Disease
Effacement of foot podocytes
Nephrotic syndrome associated with HIV, Sickle Cell, Heroin
Focal Segmental Glomerular Sclerosis
Spike and dome, granular Immunofluorescence
Membranous Nephropathy: immunce complex deposition (sub-epithelial)
Tram track appearance
Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis
Associated with HBV and HCV
Type I membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
Associated with C3 nephritic factor
Type II membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
Kimmelstiel Wilson nodules
Diabetes Mellitus
Apple Green Birefringence under polarized light
Systemic Amyloidosis
Virulence factor for Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis
M Protein from Group A beta Hemolytic Strep infection (skin and pharynx)
What fills the crescents in Bowman's Space in Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis
Fibrin and Macrophages
Goodpasture's syndrome lab findings and clinical picture
Linear IF
Antibasement antibody
Hematuria and hemoptysis in young adult males
Most common type of renal disease in SLE
Diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis
Wegener's glanulomatosis findings
c-ANCA
Hematuria, hemoptysis, upper respiratory
p-ANCA kidney differential
Microscopic polyangiitis
Churg-Strauss syndrome
Churg Strauss defining features
Granulomatous inflammation
Eosinophilia
Asthma
X-linked, Hematuria, Sensory Hearing Loss, Oxular Disturbance
Alport Syndrome
Mechanism for hydrochlorothiazide use with calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis
Acts on the DCT to decrease Ca+2 excretion
Organisms that cause Ammonium Magnesium Phsophate Stones (Staghorn caliculi)
Urease positive organisms like Proteus and Klebsiella
Gout associated with these stones
Uric Acid Nephrolithiasis
Kidney stones in children
Cysteine stones
Sterile Pyuria indicates what type of infection with what types of bugs
Urethritis with Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonnorrhea
Cystitis bugs
E. coli, S. saprophyticus, Proteus, Klebsiella
Pyelonephritis symptoms
Flank pain
WBC Casts
Leukocytosis
Congenital defect associated with chronic pyelonephritis
Vesicoureteral reflux, which is largely due to what?
Angle of ureters into bladder
Thyroidization of kidney, waxy casts
Chronic pyelonephritis
Cells that produce erythropoietin
Renal peritubular interstitial cells
Clinical features of Chronic Renal Failure
Uremia
Hypertension from Na H2O Retention
Hyperkalemia with metabolic acidosis
Anemia
Renal neoplasia associated with tuberous sclerosis
Angiomyolipoma
Renal Cell Carcinoma classic triad
Hematuria, Palpable mass, Flank pain
Paraneoplastic syndromes associated with Renal Cell Carcinoma
Polycytemia from inc. EPO
Hypertension from inc. renin
Hypercalcemia from inc PTHrP
Cushing syndrome from inc ACTH
Left sided varicocele
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Gene in Renal Cell Carcinoma
Loss of VHL tumor suppressor gene
Kidney tumor in child
Wilms Tumor
Wilms tumor associated mutation
WT1
WAGR syndrome
Wilms Tumor
Aniridia
Genial abnormalities
Retardation (mental and motor)
Beckiwth-Wiedemann syndrome
Wilms tumor
Neonatal Hyopglycemia
Muscular hemihypertrophy
Organomegaly
Two pathways for Urothelial Cell Carcinoma
Flat
Papillary
Flat pathway of urothelial cell carcinoma asociated with this mutation
p53 (early mutations)
Squamous Cell carcinoma risk factors
Chronic cystitis
Schistosoma hematobium
Long standing nephrolithiasis
Malignant proliferation arising from urachal remnant
Adenocarcinoma