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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Idiosyncratic wordlike productions that children use consistently and meaningfully but that do not approximate adult forms
PHONETICALLY CONSISTEN FORMS
Gestures used by children beginning to transition from the prelinguistic stage to the one-word stage
REFERENTIAL GESTURES
Process by which children use words in an overly general manner
OVEREXTENSION
3 major kinds of overextensions:
Categorical, analogical, and relational
Use new words cautiously and conservatively; use words to refer to only a subset of possible referents
UNDEREXTENSION
When toddlers overextend a word in certain circumstances and underextend the same word in other circumstances
OVERLAP
Words symbolize objects, actions, event, and concepts (falls under first tier principles)
REFERENCE
Words map to whole objects; (falls under first tier principles)
OBJECT SCOPE
Assumption that words label whole objects and not object parts (falls under first tier principles)
WHOLE OBJECT ASSUMPTION
For children to communicate successfully, they must adopt the terms that people in their language community understand
CONVENTIONALITY
Builds on Tier 1 of extendibility by limiting the basis for extension to words that are taxonomically similar
CATEGORICAL SCOPE
Supports Tier 1; helps children select a nameless object as the recipient of a novel label
NOVEL NAME-NAMELESS CATEGORY (N3C)
Entity that performs the action
AGENT
Entity undergoing an action or a movement
THEME
Starting point for movement
SOURCE
Ending point for movement
GOAL
Place where the action occurs
LOCATION
Rule-governed errors that children make when pronouncing certain words
PHONOLOGICAL PROCESSES
The age by which 50% of children can produce a given sound in multiple positions in words in an adultlike way
CUSTOMARY AGE OF PRODUCTION
The age by which most children produce a sound in an adultlike manner
AGE OF MASTERY
Process by which children change one sound in a syllable so that it takes on the features of another sound in the same syllable
ASSIMILATION
When children replace sounds produced farther back in the mouth with sounds produced farther forward in the mouth
FRONTING
Test to investigate children's acquisition of English morphemes
WUG TEST
Method used to determine a child's initial and continuing eligibility for services under IDEA; less structured and standardized
EVALUATION
ongoing procedures used to identify a child's needs, family concerns, and resources; less formal than evaluations and have a variety of methods
ASSESSMENT
Takes data results from evaluation and assessments and uses them to extend to multiple contexts; used to identify ways to work with children
ECOLOGICAL VALIDITY