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39 Cards in this Set

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Of the deaths that occur during ground combat, about what percent die before reaching a medical treatment facility?
90%
Your unit is in ground combat. You see a soldier fall as though he has been shot. Your primary duty is to:
Continue firing at the enemy
Of the following types of deaths occurring during ground combat and before reaching a medical treatment facility, select the type of preventable death from which more soldiers died.
Bleeding from wounds to the extremities
When performing care under fire, which of the following can be rendered before moving the casualty?
Apply a tourniquet to control bleeding
You and a casualty are under fire. The casualty is conscious and able to fire his weapon. What should you tell him to do?
Return fire
You and a casualty are under fire. The casualty has a severe wound to the arm. You can administer treatment without endangering the mission or yourself. What treatment should you administer?
Tourniquet
You have been wounded and are still under enemy fire. You are unable to return fire and there is no safe cover nearby. What should you do?
Play dead
You can move a casualty out of enemy fire. Should you try to retrieve his weapon also?
Yes
A nasopharyngeal air is inserted to maintain the casualty's airway as part of:
Tactical field care
What is in the combat pill pack that you and other soldiers carry in combat?
Pain medication and antibiotics
A casualty has a significant wound to his leg. The casualty is coherent and has a palpable radial pulse. The wound has been dressed and the bleeding is controlled. What should you do now?
Initiate a saline lock
Why must a penetrating chest wound be sealed?
To keep air from entering through the wound
You administer a combat pill pack to a casualty, you should use:
The casualty's pack
You are accompanying an unconscious casualty during evacuation. The casualty has an IV. What should you do?
Monitor the casualty's IV
You are going to the aid of an injured soldier. You are under fire. What should be your first action.
Scan the area for possible dangers
The casualty is lying on his back. You see a penetrating wound to the front of a casualty’s chest. Which of the following is true?
You need to check for both entrance and exit wounds to the chest and seal both
When should you plan how to move a wounded soldier out of enemy fire?
Before you leave your place of safety to go to the wounded soldier
You have reached a wounded casualty under fire. The casualty has a penetrating chest wound, is not breathing, and is making no effort to breathe. Which of the following is the proper procedure?
Do not try to treat the casualty
You are determining the casualty's level of responsiveness. The casualty tells you that he has been shot. Should you test the casualty's responsiveness to pain?
No, you already have sufficient information to make a determination that the casualty is alert
When evaluating a casualty, the casualty should be in what position?
On his back (supine)
Which of the following should you treat first if exposed to enemy fire?
Severe bleeding
Which of the following should you treat first if you and the casualty are in a protected area?
Breathing difficulties with a penetrating chest wound
How does evaluation and treatment of a casualty in a secure situation differ from that in a combat (under fire) situation?
In a secure environment, the enemy situation will not be a factor. This will allow you to focus more on the evaluation, treatment ,and evacuation of the casualty
(para 2-8c)
What are the three principal preventable causes of death on the battlefield?
1 - Severe bleeding from an arm or leg wound.
2 - Collapsed lung (tension pneumothorax).
3 - Blockage of the nose and throat from an injury to the face.
What are three situations in which you would not treat a casualty?
1 - Your own life is in imminent danger.
2 - There are other casualties in the area who require treatment more urgently.
3 - The casualty does not have vital signs.
4 - The casualty’s injury is not survivable.
5 - Your combat duties do not allow you to treat the casualty.
You find a soldier who appears to be unconscious. Which of the following should be your first action in rendering aid to this person?
Call out, "Are you okay?" and gently shake his shoulder
You are going to check the casualty to see if he is breathing. How should you position the casualty?
On his back
Which method of opening the airway is preferred if you believe that the casualty has an injured neck or spine?
Jaw thrust
In the head-tilt/chin-lift method of opening a casualty's airway, one hand is used to press on his forehead. How is the thumb on the opposite hand used?
Keep the casualty's lower lip depressed, if needed
When performing the head-tilt/chin-lift method of opening a casualty's airway, you __________ allow your fingers to press deeply in the soft tissues under the chin.
Should not
When performing a jaw thrust on a casualty lying on the ground, your elbows should be resting on the:
Ground
When rolling a casualty, one of your hands is used to support the casualty's head and neck. What should you do with the other hand.
Reach across the casualty's chest, grab under the casualty's arm, and pull the casualty toward you.
When you check for breathing, you should:
1 - Watch the casualty's chest to see if it rises and falls.
2 - Listen for sounds of breathing.
3 - Feel for any exhaled breath blowing against your face.
What are three indicators that a nasopharyngeal airway should be inserted?
1 - Casualty is unconscious
2 - Casualty's respiration rate is less than 2 breaths every 15 seconds.
3 - Casualty is making snoring or gurgling sounds.
What should you do with the nasopharyngeal tube before inserting it into the casualty's nostril?
Lubricate the outside of the tube with antibacterial ointment.
Rub the outside of the tube with an iodine solution.
Pour alcohol through the inside of the tube.
Lubricate the outside of the tube with water or sterile lubricating jelly.
e. None of the above; the tube is inserted as is.
Normally, the nasopharyngeal tube is inserted into the casualty's _______ nostril.
Right
You are inserting a nasopharyngeal tube into the casualty's nostril when resistance is met. What should you do?
Remove the tube and insert it into the other nostril
Upon successfully inserting a nasopharyngeal airway, the flange of the airway should be:
Against the outer part of the casualty's nostril
You have inserted a nasopharyngeal airway. How should you position the casualty?
on his side