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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Oral language is
•less formal and more repetitive and written is the opposite
Denotation=
• literal meaning
• Connotation=
meaning associated with the word… implied definition
• Vernacular=
variation of a language used by an ethnic group
• Regionalism=
word or phrased used by part of the country
Jargon=
• terms used within a profession
• Unbiased language is talked about as sexist examples were:
using firefighter instead of fireman or member of Congress instead of congress
-A figure of speech-
language that deviates from the ordinary, expected meaning of words to make a description or comparison unique, vivid, and memorable.
-A metaphor
- an implied comparison between two things or concepts.
-A simile-
A comparison between to two thing using like or as.
This is called crisis rhetoric
-A speaker will turn to metaphor or simile in times that are especially momentous or overwhelming. When ordinary diction won’t do the job.
-Personification-
the attribution of human qualities to inanimate things or ideas.
 Use a short sentence to express a vitally important thought.
o Ex. And the war came.
 Use omission:
Leave out a word or phrase that the audience expects to hear. Ex. I came, I saw, I conquered.
o Use inversion:
Reverse the normal word order of a phrase or sentence.
o Ex. This much we pledge… o Ex. Yoda
 Use suspension:
Place a key word or phrase at the end of a sentence, rather than at the beginning.
o Ex. For families wanting their sons and daughters to get the chance of college or university, we will meet the challenge of change.
-Repetition-
use of a key word or phrase more than once for emphasis.
-Parallelism-
use of the same grammatical pattern for two or more phrases, clauses, or sentences. Ex. We will walk. We will work. We will speak.
-Antithesis-
Opposition, such as that used in two part sentences in which the second part contrasts in meaning with the first. Ex. Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.
-Alliteration-
the repetition of consonant sound several times in a phrase, clause, or sentence. Ex. Confidence and courage.