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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What did Columbus call surprised inhabitants?
Indians
Los indios
colonies
lands that are controlled by an entire nation
....conquered the ... in ...
Hernando Cortes
Aztecs
1521
reasons why Cortes conquered Aztecs
superior weaponry
help of native groups
Aztecs could not stop disease
mestizo nationalities
Spanish
Native America
name of Spanish explorer who claimed modern-day Florida for Spain
Juan Ponce de Leon
French explorer claimed the entire river valley of the ...... River for France
Sieur de la Salle
first settlement in North America and when
1607
Jamestown
privateer
privately owned armed ships
conflict in 1754
French and Indian War
Seven Year's War
helped the British army defeat the French in... in North America
1763
British colonists
names of disease that cause most deaths to Native Americans
measles
smallpox
Why did European owners have to use Africans as their source of labor instead of Native Americans?
Native Americans died from disease and warfare
reasons why Europeans saw advantages in using Africans as their labor force
immunity to European diseases
experienced farmers
little knowledge of land
where did most of the AFrican slaves imported by the British end up?
West Indies
nickname of middle leg
middle passage
percent increase in sharks in Atlantic
300%
things Africans brought with them which helped economically to the development of the Americas
muscle
expertise in agriculture
Italian trader who found his way to .......'s court in ....
Kublai Khan
1275
Marco Polo
Marco Polo's book
Marco Polo's Travels
What did Marco Polo's book do?
spurred exploration
things that spurred age of European exploration
Caravel for better sailing
desire to grow rich
desire to spread Christianity
Europeans battled in ...against the ...for control of Holy Land
1100
Muslims
types of people gathered at Price Henry's navigation school to perfect their trad
map maker's
instrument makers
shipbuilders
scientists
sea captains
motives drove Europeans to solve problems of sailing in 1400's
God
Gold
Glory
nickname of Prince Henry
Henry the Navigator
things portuguese traded with the Africans for
gold
ivory
slaves
convinced Spain to finance bold plan of finding route to Asian by sailing west
Christopher Columbus
sailory used .... to help determine their location on the sea, which was developed by the...
astrolabe
Muslims
invented magnetic compass
chinese
suggested imaginary dividing line
Pope Alexander VI
Line of Demarcation
imaginary dividing line from north to south across Atlantic
what did the Portuguese gain by seizing the Strait of Malacca?
control of Moluccas
claimed the Philipping Islands in...
1521
Spain
led the Spanish expedition that arrived in Phillipines
Ferdinand Magellan
who had the largest fleet of ships in the world in 1600?
Dutch
Boers
Dutch settlers in S.Africa
apartheid
legal system of severe discrimination