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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Indian Attack of 1622
one-third of the English population of Jamestown, were killed by a coordinated series of surprise attacks of the Powhatan Confederacy under Chief Opechancanough. Charles I
• Enemy of Sandys- Sorythe tells king to take back charter because in 1622 Indians attack
• Now king runs Virgina starting in 1624- now a royal colony
House of Burgesses
people who own enough land can elect representatives to advise governor.
for every paid passenger people pay to come over they get 50 acres of land. Generally, the people had to work for the people who sent them for a long time, about seven years. You don’t even have to live in the colonies to do this
quit rent
you must pay a shilling to the company every year as a tax, way for company investors to recoup some of their money
power of the purse
The power of the purse is the ability of a government or other organisation to manipulate the actions of another group by withholding funding. This is often used in the absence of any other real enforcement power, and frequently used as a punishment.

Maryland Act of Toleration
The Maryland Toleration Act, also known as the Act Concerning Religion was passed in 1649 by the colonial assembly of the Province of Maryland mandating religious toleration.1 The Calverts, who founded Maryland, needed to attract settlers to make the colonial venture profitable. In order to protect the Catholics from the immigrating Puritans and Protestants, the Calverts supported the Act Concerning Religion. The Act allowed freedom of worship for all Christians in Maryland.
The Puritans were members of a group of radical Protestants which developed in England after the Reformation.
Elite (doctrine of the calling)-
To choose, the chosen; those who choose God first become the Chosen, or the Elect.
Divine Right of Monarchy
a political and religious doctrine of political absolutism. It teaches that a monarch owes his rule to the will of God, and not necessarily to the will of his subjects (James I)
James I
the first Stuart to be king of England and Ireland from 1603 to 1625 and king of Scotland from 1567 to 1625; he was the son of Mary Queen of Scots and he succeeded Elizabeth I; he alienated the British Parliament by claiming the divine right of kings (1566-1625)
-founded jamestown
Charles I
Charles I, b. Nov. 19, 1600, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, lost his thrones and life as a result of the ENGLISH CIVIL WAR. He was the second son of JAMES I. After his older brother died, Charles became (1616) prince of Wales and became friends with his father's favorite, the 1st duke of BUCKINGHAM.

Masachusetts BAY COMPANY
Personal Rule
was the period from 1629 to 1640, when King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland ruled without recourse to Parliament. He was entitled to do this under the Royal Prerogative, but his actions caused discontent among those who provided the ruling classes.
a group of English religious separatists who sailed from Europe to North America in the early 17th century, in search of a home where they could freely practice their Puritan style of religion and live according to their own laws.
William Bradford
a leader of the Pilgrim settlers of the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, and became Governor of the Plymouth Colony.
want to run own church without input from monarchy. Strongly persecuted by James I. Therefore, they flee England and go to Holland, but children are being corrupted by Holland materialism, and they were sad they're kids weren't getting to know English traditions.
• Pilgrims approach directors of Virginia Company (who are in England) to get settle there
• Virginia Company sends them over and pays for them in 1620 with 70 others on the Mayflower
• IN exchange, the Pilgrims are supposed to send back half their income every ear until debt is paid off
. Headed for Chesapeake, but ended up on Cape Cod
John Winthrop
elected governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629 and on 8 April 1630 he led a large party from England for the New World.
Roger Williams
English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism; he founded Providence in 1636 and obtained a royal charter for Rhode Island in 1663 (1603-1683)
Anne Hutchinson
c.1591-1643, was a religious dissenter whose ideas provoked an intense religious and political crisis in the Massachusetts Bay Colony between 1636 and 1638. Spoke out against corrupt clergy, she also did not believe in pre-destination (believes personal relationship with God). She decides things on the basis of her conscious, not community. People hated her because she was a women and insulting male ministers-scandalous. Individualism undermines community, she is banished.
The theological doctrine that by faith and God's grace a Christian is freed from all laws (including the moral standards of the culture)
New Netherland
a Dutch colony in North America along the Hudson and lower Delaware rivers although the colony centered in New Amsterdam; annexed by the English in 1664
James, the Duke of York, James II
-DOminon of New England
-divine right of monarchs
-gov of new york

James VII and II (14 October 1633–16 September 1701) became King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 6 February 1685. He was the last Catholic monarch to reign over England, Scotland, or Ireland. His subjects distrusted his religious policies and alleged despotism, leading a group of them to depose him in the Glorious Revolution.
Restoration Colonies
A restoration colony was one of a number of land grants in North America given by King Charles II of England in the latter half of the 17th century, ostensibly as a reward to his supporters in the Stuart Restoration. The grants marked the resumption of English colonization of the Americas after a 30-year hiatus. The two major restoration colonies were the Province of Pennsylvania and the Province of Carolina.
William Penn
Born in 1644, he was a prominent English Quaker and reformer and the founder of the colony of Pennsylvania.
-Christian and social experiment
-Utopian society
The real name was "The Society of Friends". It was a Christian group founded in England in the mid- 17th century. Quakers believe that each individual is directly responsible to God, so they have no priests or pastors and no religious ceremonies. They do not even have a church. Instead, they have a "meeting house" where every person meets to worship God in his own way and in silence.
-persecuted by James II
A system that includes individuals from groups differing in basic background experiences and cultures. Pluralism allows for the development of a common tradition while preserving the right of each group to maintain its cultural heritage. It implies mutual respect.
A group of persons forming a cohesive, usually contentious minority within a larger group
Indentured servitude
An Indentured servant is an unfree labourer under contract to work (for a specified amount of time) for another person, often without any pay, but in exchange for accommodation, food, other essentials and/or free passage to a new country. After working for a number of years they were free to farm or take up trade of their own.

-in need of jobs
-poor conditions
Dominion of New England
The Dominion of New England was the name of a short-lived administrative union of English colonies in the New England region of North America. The union was decreed in 1686 by King James II as a measure to enforce the Navigation Acts and to coordinate the mutual defense of colonies against the French and hostile Native Americans. In 1687, the colonies of New York and New Jersey were added to the dominion.

new england was mad because they lost assembly and power of purse
Salem witchcraft
The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings by local magistrates and county court trials to prosecute people alleged to have committed acts of witchcraft in Essex, Suffolk and Middlesex Counties of Massachusetts in 1692 and 1693
King Philip's War
-in New England. Displaced by European settlements and ravaged by disease, the population of New England's Native Americans dropped drastically, from 120,000 in 1570 to 12,000 in 1670. Metacom (called Philip by the Europeans), son of Massasoit, chief of the Wampanoags, believed only armed resistance could stop the European advance. In 1675, Metacom formed a military league comprising most of the Indians from Maine to Connecticut. Full-scale war ensued. Bitter fighting continued into 1676
-charles II
rivaled with american indian allies of new france (Hurons) in the fur trading compettion betwwen dutch (iroquis-winner) and french

any member of the warlike North American Indian peoples formerly living in New York state; the Iroquois League were allies of the British during the American Revolution
The Algonquins or Algonkins are an aboriginal North American people speaking Algonquin, an Algonquian language. Culturally and linguistically, they are closely related to the Odawa and Ojibwe, with whom they form the larger Anishinaabe grouping. The tribe has also given its name to the much larger group of Algonkian peoples, who stretch from Virginia to the Rocky Mountains and north to Hudson Bay.
american indian allies of new france in the fur trading compettion betwwen dutch (iroquis-winner) and french

The Wyandot or Wendat (also called the Huron) are a First Nations people originally from Southern Ontario, Canada. The early French explorers called the members of a four-tribe confederacy the 'Huron'. This name may have been applied to the Wyandot people either from the French huron peasant, because the Huron were an agricultural people, growing corn and sunflowers. or, according to Jesuit Father Gabriel Lalemant, the name referred to a hure, the rough-haired head of wild boars.
Bacon's Rebellion
Bacon's Rebellion, also known as the Virginia Rebellion, was an uprising in 1676 in the colony of Virginia, led by Nathaniel Bacon. It was the first in the American colonies in which discontented frontiersmen took part; a similar uprising in Maryland occurred in the same year.
Charles II
gave Penn pennslyvania
gave New York to James II
Restoration Period
(Vicroy-total rule over territory).
Pueblo attacks
first slaves
Livestock, famring, trade with mother country
ONly catholics can imgrate
land to nobles
good Indian relations
fur trade
only catholics (no Huguenots)
autocratic generals in place of companies, no assembly
fur competition
little religious activity
New York, Carribean