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32 Cards in this Set

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What crops were grown in East Florida?
Rice, citrus fruits, sugarcane, cotton and indigo were common crops raised on plantations.
Why did the British divide Florida into two parts?
The British divided Florida into two parts because such a large area would be difficult to govern.
How did land grants affect the settling of East and West Florida?
Land grants affected East and West Florida by attracting settlers from North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and the other British colonies.
Where was Florida's western boarder after the Treaty of Paris?
Florida's western border after the Treaty of Paris was at ...

- the Mississippi River.
Why were there less large farms in West Florida?
There were less farms in West Florida because...
- the land was thick with pine forests and had sandy soil that made farming difficult.
What changes to land claims occurred after the Treaty of Paris?
Changes to land claims after the Treaty of Paris were:

- Havanna, Cuba was returned to Spain,
- Florida became a British colony and
- France gave up claims to all
lands in North Florida.

What were West Florida's main products?
West Florida's main products were...

- furs, deerskins, and lumber.
Who left Florida after the Treay of Paris?
Most of the Spanish living near St. Augustine including their slaves, the free Africans of Fort Mose, and some Native Americans left on ships for the Havanna, Cuba.
Who was James Grant?
James Grant was ...

- Governor of East Florida,

- who wrote about Florida to attract settlers.
Why was the capture of Havanna, Cuba important to the Treaty of Paris?
Havanna, Cuba was important to the Treaty of Paris because it was one of Spain's busiest ports.

To get Havanna, Cuba back from the British ... Spain had to give up Florida to the British in the Treaty of Paris. Florida became a British colony.
How did Britain attract settlers to Florida?
Britain attracted settlers to Florida by offering land grants to settlers.
When did the British flag first fly over the Castillo de San Marcos?
The British flag first flew over the Castillo de San Marcos in 1763;

after Spain gave up claim to Florida in the Treaty of Paris.
Colonial Florida : Changes in Florida
Chapter 4 - Lesson 2
pg. 165 - 169
.
When did Britain capture the port of Havanna from the Spanish?
Britain captured Havanna immediately after the Spanish joined the French and Indians in the war.
What were West Florida's borders?
West Florida's borders were between...

- the Mississippi River (West) and
- the Apalachicola River (East)and
- stretched through parts of present day Alabama.
treaty
A "treaty" is an agreement between groups or countries.
How were land grants given to settlers?
Large land grants were given to groups of settlers.

Small land grants were given to individual families and soldiers.

All settlers could buy more land from the government for a low price.
How was the work accomplished on plantations?
Work was accomplished on plantations by enslaved Africans and indentured servants.
indigo
"Indigo" is a plant that was ghrown for its flowers. The flowers made a dark-blue dye to color cloth.
When was the French and Indian War fought?
1754 to 1763

France lost the war.

The French and Indian War ended when the Treaty of Paris was signed in Paris in 1763.

Wow!!!
Between 1763 and 1774 over 1 million acres of East Florida
had been given away in land grants.
When did the French and Indian War end?
The French and Indian War ended in 1763, when France signed the Treaty of Paris.
How was Florida affected by the Treaty of Paris?
Florida was traded by the Spanish to the British for Havana, Cuba.

Florida became a British colony.
Who fought in the French and Indian War?
The French and Indian War was fought between ...

- the French and

- the British.

Later, Spain and its Native American allies joined France to fight against Britain.
How did Britain attract new settlers to Florida?
Britain attracted new settlers to Florida by offering land grants.
plantation
A "plantation" is a large farm.

Some settlers used their land to start plantations.
What did France agree to in the Treaty of Paris?
France agreed to ...

- give up almost all its lands in North America.
What important changes did British rule bring to Florida?
Important changes brought to Florida with British rule were:

- Florida was divided into two parts, East Florida and West Florida;
- Florida's western border was placed at the Mississippi River.
Why did Britain want to attract settlers to Florida?
Britain wanted to attract settlers to Florida to:

- farm land and
- defend the new British government.
How was Florida divided by Britain?
Florida was divided into:

- East Florida, capital St. Augustine and
- West Florida, capital Pensacola.
land grant
A "land grant" is a gift given by the government.
planters
"Planters" was a name given to plantation owners.