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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How do you achieve coherence in a paragraph or essay?
1. Repeat important words
2. Synonym or substititution
3. Transitional expressions
Types of sentence errors
Comma splice
run-on sentence
fragment
Run-on
sentence with no punctuation
Fragment
Not a complete thought
comma splice
fragment or joining of independent clauses with imporper comma placing
Ways to fix run on or comma splice
Separate into two sentences
co-ordinating conjunction
subordinating conjunction
semi colon
semi colon and conjunctive adverb
Types of fragment sentences:
Relative clause fragment
ing fragment
prepositional phrase fragment
appositive fragment
infinitive phrase fragment
What is an essay?
Group of paragraphs about one subject
The body of a paragraph should contain?
Facts
examples
supporting details
steps for writing an essay:
narrow the topic
Write thesis stmt
Generate ideas for body
How do you achieve coherence in a paragraph or essay?
1. Repeat important words
2. Synonym or substititution
3. Transitional expressions
Types of sentence errors
Comma splice
run-on sentence
fragment
Run-on
sentence with no punctuation
Fragment
Not a complete thought
comma splice
fragment or joining of independent clauses with imporper comma placing
Ways to fix run on or comma splice
Separate into two setntences
co-ordinating conjunction
subordinating conjunction
semi colon
semi colon and conjunctive adverb
Types of fragment sentences:
Relative clause fragment
ing fragment
prepositional phrase fragment
appositive fragment
infinitive phrase fragment
What is an essay?
Group of paragraphs about one subject
The body of a paragraph should contain?
Facts
examples
supporting details
steps for writing an essay:
narrow the topic
Write thesis stmt
Generate ideas for body
ordering and linking
things to avoid when writing an essay:
Avoid announcement
avoid too broad a topic
Plagerisim
Not giving credit to an author whose words or ideas you have used
Direct and Indirect quotes
Stress a key idea
Catchy intro
Add interest
Expert opinion
Direct Quote
Verbatium
Indirect Quote
paraphrase
Introduction paragraph
Thesis stmt
Grab the readers attn.
Six methods of introduction
single sentence
Start general go specific
Begin with illistration
Suprising fact or idea to grab reader attn.
Begin with contradiction that most people believe
Direct quote
Three methods of conclusion
call to action
End with final point
End with question
Four types of titles
no nonsense descriptive title
Two part title
Rhetorical question
method of development used in essay
Pronoun
Take the place of noun
Antecedent
Word that the pronoun refers to
Collective nouns
Represent group of people but considered singular
personal pronouns
Subjective
Objective
Possessive
Subjective pronouns
I, You, he, she, it
objective pronoun
me, you, him, her
Infinative
Verb prefaced by "to"
"to live", "to eat"
compund constructions
two nouns
two ponouns
noun and a pronoun
Never use "myself" as a substitute for "I" or "me"
comparisons
Can be subjective, objective, or possessive pronouns that complete comparisons
reflexive pronouns
some did something to him/ herself
intensive pronoun
Emphasizes the noun or pronoun it refers to
Adjective
Describe or modify noun / pronoun
adverb
describe or modify verb
Comparitive
two persons or things
Supurlative
Compare three or more persons or things
Three things to keep in mind when reviewing an essy or paragraph
subject
audience
Purpose
Every sentence must contain
subject
Verb
complete thought