Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/65

Click to flip

65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
한글이 만들어지기 전에는 한국 사랍들은 한자를 빌려썼다.
Before hangul was made, korean people borrowed (and used) hanja.
그라나 한국어와 중국어는 다르기 때문에 한자는 한국어를 표현하기에 적당하지 않았다.
Nevertheless, hanja was not suitable for expressing Korean because Korean and Chinese are different.
또한 한자는 배우기가 어려웠기 때문에 많은 사람들이 글을 쓰지 못 했다.
Moreover, many people could not write the characters because hanja is difficult to learn.
세종대왕께서는 이것을 깨달으시고 학자들과 같이 한국어에 맞는 한글을 만드셨다.
The great King Sejong realized this and together with scholars made Hangdul suitable to Korean.
그리고 백성들에게 이 새로운 문자를 가르치려고 여러가지 책을 지으셨다.
And then, (he, hon) made various kinds of books in order to teach the common people this new writing system.
한국 사람들은 왜 한자를 빌려 썼어요?
Why do Koreans (borrow and) use hanja?
한글이 생기기 전에는 문자가 없었기 때문이에요.
It is because before hangul was made there wasn't a writing system.
한국말은 중국말과 비슷한 언어 인가요?
Is it true that Korean is similar to chinese?
두 나라 말은 아주 달라요.
The two countries languages are very different.
그래서 한자를 쓰기가 어려웠어요.
And furthermore writing hanja was difficult.
그럼 우리는 왜 지금도 한자를 쓰지요?
If that's the case, why do we (also) today use Hanja? (by the way~)
한국어에는 중국어에서 빌려은 낱말들이 많이 있기 때문이에요.
It is because Korean borrowed many words from Chinese.
한글
korean writing system
-에 대하여
concerning, about
만들어지다
to be made
빌리다
to borrow
빌려 쓰다
to borrow and use
빌려 주다
to lend
짓다 (지어요)
to make, to build
writing, character
표현하다
to express
때문에
because of
적당하다
to be appropriate, to be suitable
깨닫다 (끼달아요)
to realize
학자
scholars
맞는
suitable (to fit, to be correct)
일맞다
to be suitable, appropriate, just right
세종대왕
The great King Sejong (the fourth king of the Yi dynasty, 1392-1910)
king
대왕
great king
백성
common people
새롭다 (새로운)
to be new (new)
문자
writing system, letter
여러가지
various kinds
비슷하다
to be similar
언어
language
편리하다
to be convenient
노력하다
to make an effort, to try hard, to endeavor
또한
also
생각하다
to think, to consider
쌍둥이
twins
책임
responsibility
지우다
to erase
큰 책임이 우리에게 주어졌다.
A big responsible was given to us.
글자가 지워졌다.
The characters were erased.
한글이 만들어지기 전에는 학자들은 한자를 썼다.
Before hangul was invented, scholars used Chinese.
겨울방학 전에 시험이 있다.
There is an exam before winter vacation
나는 편지를 써서 보냈다
I wrote a letter and then sent it
미국으로 돌아와서 그 책상을 만들었다
After I came back to the U.S., I made the desk
우리는 식당에 가서 친구들을 만나요.
We are going to the cafeteria and (will) meet friends (there).
글자를 만들기가 어렵다
It's hard to make characters
나는 장래 외교관이 되기를 희망한다
I hope to become a diplomat in the future
장래
future
외교관
diplomat
희망하다
to hope
겨울은 여행하기에 나쁘다
Winter is not good for traveling
안 선생님 드리려고 이 선물을 섰어요
We bouight the gift for (in order to give it to) Mr. Ahn.
낫다 (나서)
to get well
긋다 (그어서)
to draw (a line)
잇다 (이어서)
to connect
벗다 (벗어서)
to take off (undress)
웃다 (웃어서)
to laugh
빗다 (빗어요)
to comb
씻다 (씻어서)
to wash (body)
빼앗다 (빼앗아요)
to take away