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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The Cold War
The state of hostility, without direct military conflict, that developed between the U.S. and Soviet Union after World War II.
Satellite Nations
A country that is dominated politically and economically by another nation
The Truman Doctrine
A U.S. policy, announced by President Harry S. Truman in 1947, of providing economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents.
The Marshall Plan
The program proposed by secretary of state George Marshall in 1947, under which the U.S. supplied economic aid to European nations to help rebuild them after
The "iron curtain"
a phrase used by Winston Churchill in 1946 to describe an imaginary line that separated Communist countries in the Soviet Blocof Eastern Europe from countries in Western Europe
The Berlin Wall
A concrete wall that separated East Berlin and West Berlin from 1961 to 1989, built by Communist East German government to prevent its citizens from fleeing west
The Berlin Airlift
A 327-day operation in which U.S. and British planes flew food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviets blockaded the city in 1948
The Domino Theory
The idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control
The Korean War
A conflict between N. Korea and S. Korea, lasting from 1950-1953 in which the U.S. along with other U.N. countries, fought on the side of the South Koreans and China fought on the side of the N. Koreans
House of Un-American Activites
A congressional commitee that investigated Communist influence inside and outside the U.S. government in the years following WWII
The Hollywood Ten
Ten witnesses from the film industry who refused to cooperate with the HUAC's investigation of communist influence in Hollywood
The attacks, often unsubstantiated by senator Joseph McCarthy and others on people suspected of being communist in the early 1950's
The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation was created in 1949 to support the North Atlantic Treaty. It is one of the strongest military forces in the world and unites the largest, most modern and efficient military capabilities and resources.
Containment Policy
Containment refers to the foreign policy strategy of the United States in which it attempted to stop what is called the domino effect of nations moving politically towards Soviet Union-based communism, rather than European-American-based capitalism.
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
American Communists who recieved international attention when they were executed for passing nuclear weapons secrets to the Soviet Union
Brinkmanship is the policy or practice of pushing a dangerous situation to the brink of disaster in order to achieve the most advantageous outcome
The Central Intelligence Agency was created in 1947. Its primary function is obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and persons, and reporting such information to the branches of the Government.
Warsaw Pact
It was established in 1955 in Warsaw, Poland to counter the alleged threat from the NATO alliance. It lasted throughout the Cold War until nations began to withdraw in 1991, following the collapse of the Eastern Bloc.
Eisenhower Doctrine
Stated that the United States would use armed forces upon request in response to imminent or actual aggression to the United States. Furthermore, countries that took stances opposed to Communism would be given aid in various forms.
Berlin blockade
One of the first major crises of the new Cold War- when the Soviet Union blocked railroad and street access to West Berlin to prevent the entrance of food and other tools to soldiers.