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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
After WWII, the two countries who emerged as world leaders and competitors were ____ and ______.
U.S. and The Soviet Union
The period in time when the U.S. and Soviet Union competed is called the _______.
Cold War
Stalin's first demands were ________ which he wanted to protect his western border.
Satellite Nations
Why were the Satellite Nations so important to the Soviet Union?
To protect Western border of Soviet Union.
______, ________, ______, and _____ divided Germany.
U.S., Great Britain, France, Soviet Union.
What did the Soviets do the the capital of Germany?
1. Cut off electricity
2. Refused to accept money from Germany
3. Blockaded Berlin
How did the U.S. and Great Britain respond to the actions taken by the Soviets to Berlin?
Berlin Airlift
The cornerstone of American foreign policy for the U.S. for the next 44 years was ________.
Containment
Who stated stated that "... an iron curtain has descended across the continent of Europe?"
Churchill
Said that the U.S. would lend money to European countries to rebuild if they promised to buy supplies from U.S.
Was begun by George Marshall
The Marshall Plan
The two policies essential for containment were ________ and _____.
Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan
What is the Soviet, or Eastern Europe's response to NATO?
Warsaw Pact
___________________ are countries with primarilty agricultural economies.
Developing Countries
The first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth was _____
Sputnik
The policy of threatening to use nudlear weapons if a Communist state tried to seize territory by force is ____________.
Massive Retaliation
Who, during this time of Communist witch hunts, faced formal disapproval?
Joseph McCarthy
The effort to secretly weaken a society and overthrow its government.
Subversion
Blackening reputations with vague and unfounded charges is the meanind for the term _________.
McCarthyism
Where is Korea divided?
The DMZ / 39 parallel
Who was the American general in charge of taking over Korea?
Douglas MacArthur
When MacArthur led the Allied troops northward, which country warned him to back off?
China
What was the outcome when MacArthur failed to heed China's warnings?
Truman fired him.
What are the two major divisions of the U.N.?
general assembly and security council
The leader of the Chinese Nationalists was _______.
Jiang Jieshi
The leader of the People's Republic of China was ________.
Mao Zedong
The head of the FBI who authorized wiretapping and infiltration of groups suspect of subversion was ________.
J. Edgar Hoover
Allowed veterans to go to college with free tuition
Gave them one low mortgage loan to use at any time
GI Bill
Said U.S. would support countries falling to Communisn
Truman Doctrine
All of these were grave problems faced by Europe after WWII except:
Germany was on the brink of reunification
Political chaos was at hand
The economy was in ruin
People were near starvation
Germany was on the brink of reunification
The Truman Doctrine Resulted in:
A. the economic recovery of Europe
B. a pledge to fight communism
C. the rearming of W. Germany
D. the Red Scare
B.
Who, during this time of Communist witch hunts, faced formal disapproval?
Joseph McCarthy
The effort to secretly weaken a society and overthrow its government.
Subversion
Blackening reputations with vague and unfounded charges is the meanind for the term _________.
McCarthyism
Where is Korea divided?
The DMZ / 39 parallel
Who was the American general in charge of taking over Korea?
Douglas MacArthur
When MacArthur led the Allied troops northward, which country warned him to back off?
China
What was the outcome when MacArthur failed to heed China's warnings?
Truman fired him.
What are the two major divisions of the U.N.?
general assembly and security council
The leader of the Chinese Nationalists was _______.
Jiang Jieshi
The leader of the People's Republic of China was ________.
Mao Zedong
The head of the FBI who authorized wiretapping and infiltration of groups suspect of subversion was ________.
J. Edgar Hoover
Allowed veterans to go to college with free tuition
Gave them one low mortgage loan to use at any time
GI Bill
Said U.S. would support countries falling to Communisn
Truman Doctrine
All of these were grave problems faced by Europe after WWII except:
Germany was on the brink of reunification
Political chaos was at hand
The economy was in ruin
People were near starvation
Germany was on the brink of reunification
The Truman Doctrine Resulted in:
A. the economic recovery of Europe
B. a pledge to fight communism
C. the rearming of W. Germany
D. the Red Scare
B.
The purpson of the Truman Doctrine was to:
A. punish Germany for WWII
B. prevent Germany from rearming
C. keep Communist countries weak
D. help Western Europe recover
D.
At Yalta, the leaders agrees to recognize the Polish government that the Soviets had set up if Stalin agreed to:
A. allow free enterprise in Poland.
B. allow Poland to trade with the West.
C. hold free elections ASAP.
D. give up his demand for reparations from Germany.
C.
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were charged with:
A. passing atomic secrets to the Soviets
B. plotting to overthrow the U.S.
C. being Communist Party members
D. planning acts of terrorism
A.
Joseph McCarthy created the media frenzy that began his wtich hunt by
A. accusing Alger Hiss of being a Soviet spy
B. saying that there were spies in the U.S. Army
C. Urging the HUAC to hold ope hearings.
D. saying that he had a list of Communists employed by the State Dept.
D.
Popular support for Joseph McCarthy began to face when:
A. he began to accuse popular film stars
B. millions watched him bully witnesses in televised hearings investigating the Army.
C. he could not produce the list he said he had of known Communists
D. the Senate impeached him
B.
The Egytpians seized control of the Suez Canal in order to:
A. assure their own national security
B. expel Western influences from their country
C. use the canal's profits to pay for a dam
D. assure access to the canal for their ally, the Soviet Union
C.
What did President Truman establish in early 1947 to screen all federal employees?
A. HUAC
B. Project Verona
C. loyalty review program
D. McCarthy Review
C.
What was the name of the project that cracked the Soviet spy code, which confirmed extensive Soviet spying?
A. Project Verona
B. Rosenberg Project
C. Project Red Spy
D. Blacklist Project
A.
The Korean War resulted in:
A. victory for N. Korea
B. victory for S. Korea
C. victory for the U.N.
D. containment but no victory
D.
The prevent Communitsts from staging revolutions within developing countries, Eisenhower used:
A. brinkmanship
B. massive retaliation
C. embargoes
D. covert operations
D.