Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/24

Click to flip

24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Among the choices for early childhood education are______
child care centers, preschools or nursery schools, and school child care
David Elkin argues that children require ______ which is based on both typical development and the unique characteristics of a given child.
developentally appropriate educational practives
Parents can improve the academic readiness of their children without creating udue _______ by being aware of the stage of cognitive development that each individual child has reached
stress
________ are organized, formal, logical mental processes
Operations
Piaget's preoperational thinking
According to Piaget, _____is the ability to represent something that is not physically present
symbolic function
The process of concentrating on one limited aspect of a stimulus and ignoring other aspects is called __________
centration
Piagets preoperational
The knowledge that quantity is unrelated to the arrangement and physical appearance of objects is called ______.
conservation
Piaget's Preoperational thinking
_________ is the process in which one state is changed into another.
*Transformation
Piaget's preoperational
_____thought does not take into account the viewpoint of others.
*Egocentric
Piaget's preoperational
__________ though reflects preschoolers' use of primitive reasoning and their avid acquisition of knowledge about the world
*Intuitive
Piaget's preoperational
Broad representations in memory of events and the order in which they occur are called __________.
*scripts
Information Processing Approaches to COgnitive Dev.
According to Vygotsky, the _____ is the l evel at which a child can almost, but not fully, comprehend or perform a task on his or her own.
*Zone of proximal development
___________ is the support for learning and problem solving that encourages independence and growth.
*Scaffolding
Vygotskys View of Cognitive Dev.
____________ is the combining of words and phrases to form sentences
Syntax
_________ is the process in which new words are associated with their meaning after only a brief encounter
*Fast mapping
The system of rules that determin how our thoughts can be expressed is called ________.
*Grammar
________ is spoken language not intended for others and commonly used by children during the preschool years.
*Private speech
The aspect of language relating to communicating effectively and appropriately with others is called _________.
*Pragmatics
________ speech is deirected toward another person and meant to be understood by that person.
*Social
________ are places that typically provide care for children all day, while their parents are at work.
*Child care centers
________ or nursery schools are designed to provide intellectual and social experiences for youngsters.
*Child care centers
________ child care is provided by some local systems in the United States
*School
_________ is based on both typical development and the unize characteristics of an individual child.
*Developmentally appropriate educational practice.
According to Piaget, during the ________ stage, children's use of symbolic thinking grows, mental reasoning emerges, and the use of concepts increases.
*preoperational