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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
using the 3 models show the patways of events to behavior
1. event-->coginition-->behavior
2. event--->belief-->consequence
3. event--thoughts--emotional reactions
what is the purpose of cognitive-behavioral counseling?
techniques to help the client slow down
what is the premise of cognitive-behavioral counseling
You can't move forward/change if your thought process won't let you.
define rational
objective view that is supported by the facts
define irrational
a view or perspective held that is not supported by the facts
what is filtering
euphoric thinking remembering the positives and ommiting the negatives or vice versa
waht is "polarized thinking"
no room for cognitive growth, mistakes
what are "mind reads'
guessing what another person is thinking without asking or confirming
what is "catastrophizing"
"it never gonna work"
what is "personalization"
ex, walking down the street, you hear someone laugh, and assume it is about you they are laughing
what is "controlled fallacies"
"acceptance vs resignation
what are the 2 steps of cognitive appraisal
1.Primary-- look at a situation assess "how dangerous"
2. Secondary--assess your ability to cope with your primary appraisal of the situation
what are the "shoulds"
thinking "it" has to happen every single time without exception.
why does the counselor need to slow the client down?
because many clients have distorted thinking patterns, and an "automatic" thoughts and resulting poor "automatic decisions"
automatic thought + cognitive error = addictive thinking and drug use
what is reframing
instead of focusing on the problem--focus on solutions "what do you want"
is it okay to say "why" to a client
no, it puts them on the defensive, not helpful
what words are good to use?
how and when, they invite further discussion
reframe Problem: "whats your problem"
"what do you want"
reframe Why?: "why do I feel this way?"
"How do I get what I want?
reframe LImitation :Because of "X" I cn't "Y"
Since "X" I can "Y",Z etc..
reframe FAILURE: blaming, mistake,helpless,hopless
counselor uses information and consequensces to determine what to do next
ie, what can you do differently?