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103 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1870
Birth Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin)
1881
Assassination Alexander II by People's Will; accession Alexander III, League of Three Emperors formed; Intro of repressive 'temporary laws'
1885
intro new 'repressive code'
1887
university statute restricts academic freedom; re-insurance Treaty; execution of Lenin's older bros
1889
creation of land captains
1890
Zemstva Act
1891 - 92
Construction of Trans-Siberian Railway
1892
Franco-Russian convention
1893 - 1903
Sergei Witte Minister of Finance introduces economic reforms associated with 'the great spurt'
1894
accession of Nicholas II
1897
Formation of Jewish Bund
1898
SD Party formed
1902
Lenin's Pamphlet 'What is to be Done' published
1903
SDs split into Mensheviks and Bolsheviks
1904
Anglo-French Entente
1904-05
Russo Japanese War
January 1905
Bloody Sunday Massacre marks the start of the 1905 Revolution
February 1905
Wave of Strikes and nationwide unrest
March 1905
Russian Defeat Mukden
May 1905
'Union of Unions' formed led by Milyukov; Russian fleet destroyed at Tsushima
June 1905
Mutiny aboard the battleship 'Potemkin'
August 1905
Consultative Duma announced
September 1905
Russo-Japanese Peace Treaty signed; fresh wave of industrial strikes
October 1905
Kadet Party formed; Formation of St.Petersburg soviet; St.Petersburg crippled by a general strike; Tsar issues October Manifesto
November 1905
Formation of Moscow soviet
December 1905
Moscow soviet suppressed by force
April 1906
Fundamental Laws promulgated by Nicholas II
April-June 1906
First Duma
August 1906
Stolypin appointed as chief minister
1906 - 1911
Stolypin introduces a series of Agrarian Reforms
Feb - June 1907
Second Duma
November 1907
Third Duma; Rasputin enters Tsar's court; Triple Entente between France, Russia & Britain
1911
Assassination of Stolypin
1912
Serious disturbances in Lena, Siberian goldfields
June 1912
End of Third Duma
November 1912
Start of Fourth Duma; 'Pravda' published
1912-1913
Balkan Wars
1914-1917
WWI; Russia suffers military defeats; increasing social and political unrest
June 1914
Assassination Franz Ferdinand at Sarejevo
29/07/1914
Full Mobilisation Russian Military
01/08/1914
Germany declares war on Russia
August 1914
Fourth Duma suspended
June - July 1915
Fourth Duma reconvened
August 1915
Tsar becomes Commander-in-Chief
November 1916
Duma Reconvened
December 1916
Rasputin Murdered
18 Feb - 4 March 1917
February 'Revolution'
18/02/1917
Strike begins Putilov factories
23/02/1917
International Women's Day; workers' demonstrations on streets
25/02/1917
General Strike
27/02/1917
Unofficial meeting of committee of Duma; first meeting of Petrograd Soviet
28/02/1917
Nicholas II unsuccessfully attempts to return to Petrograd
01/03/1917
'Soviet Order Number I'
02/03/1917
Provisional Govt formed from Duma Committee; Nicholas signs decree of Abdication
03/03/1917
New Govt publicly declared
04/03/1917
Formal declaration of Romanov abdication
14/03/1917
Soviet Issues 'Address to the People of the Whole World'
03/04/1917
Lenin returns to Petrograd
04/04/1917
Lenin issues 'April Theses'
26/06/1917
Major military offensive launched against Austro-German armies on the south western front
02/07/1917
Ukrainian issue leads to ministerial crises
3-6 July 1917
July Days Uprising
06/07/1917
Lenin flees from Petrograd
08/07/1917
Kerensky becomes PM
18/07/1917
Kornilov becomes Commander-In-Chief
August 1917
German forces advance threatens Petrograd
26 August - 1 Sept 1917
Kornilov Affair
25/09/1917
Bolsheviks gain majority in Petrograd Soviet; Trotsky elected as Chairman
07/10/1917
Lenin slips back into Petrograd
10/10/1917
Bolshevik Central Committee commits itself to armed insurrection
12/10/1917
Petrograd soviet sets up MRC
23/10/1917
Kerensky orders closure of 'Pravda' and 'Izvestiya'; Lenin instructs Bolsheviks to begin uprising against Kerensky's government
24/10/1917
First Session of Congress of Soviets
24 - 25 October 1917
Bolsheviks take control of Petrograd
25-26 October 1917
Kerensky leaves Petrograd to rally support but fails; Bolsheviks take the Winter Palace
26/10/1917
Bolsheviks establish 'Sovnarkom' - Lenin is Chairman
27/10/1917
Lenin informs the Congress of Soviets that the Bolshevik-led Petrograd Soviet has seized power in their name
08/11/1917
Bolsheviks issue the Decrees on Land, on Peace and on Workers' Control
11/11/1917
Elections for the Constituent Assembly begin
01/12/1917
'Vesenkha' established
02/12/1917
Armistice signed at Brest-Litovsk
07/12/1917
'Cheka' created
1918-1920
Russian Civil War; Reds versus Whites
5-6 January 1918
Meeting and Dissolution of the Constituent Assembly
15/01/1918
Decree establishing the Red Army
03/03/1918
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
12/03/1918
Soviet capital transferred to Moscow
04/04/1918
Beginning of foreign interventions
May 1918
Czech Legion begins to create problems for the Bolsheviks; marks the start of the Civil War
June 1918
Decree on Nationalism
July 1918
Beginning of forced grain requisitions from peasants
04/07/1918
Russian state becomes RSFSR
16-17July 1918
Murder of Tsar and family at Ekaterinburg
05/09/1918
Red Terror officially introduced
March 1919
First Congress of the Comintern; Bolshevik Party renamed the Communist Party
February 1920
GOELRO established
April 1920
Red Army marches into Poland
November 1920
Civil War effectively ends with the defeat of the Whites in Crimea
March 1921
Kronstadt Rising; Lenin introduces the NEP at the 10th Conference of the CPSU, which also accepts the decree against factionalism
1922-23
Lenin suffers a number of increasingly severe strokes; his ability to control events increasingly limited
December 1922
Soviet state becomes USSR; Lenin completes his 'Testament' critical of all leading Bolsheviks
October 1923
the 'Scissors' crises
21/01/1924
Lenin's death