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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The sequence of critical steps in a fire emergency
Remove patients
Activate alarms
Contain fire
Extinguish fire
what type of extinguisher is used in grease fires
B
what type of fire extinguisher is used to extinguish electrical fire
C
what type of extinguisher can be used in any fire
A
what are the three things a fire needs to burn
heat, oxygen, and fuel
what type of burn affects the skins outer layer causes redness, tenderness, mild swelling, and pain
1st degree burn
what type of burn covers more than 15% of adults surface, affects entire first layer and going into the inner layer of skin, blister formation, swelling, weeping fluids, and severe pain
2nd degree burn
what type of burn covers more than 20% of an adults surface, affects all the skins layers as well as underlying fat muscle bone, discoloration of the skin, leathery parchment like skin, no pain since nerve endings are destroyed
3rd degree burn
name weather emergencies
thunderstorms, floods, tornadoes, and hurricanes
the bodys failure to regulate its internal temperature
heatstroke
how can heat stroke be prevented
keep patients indoors, hydrated and limit physical activities
prevents a person from harming themselves or others
restraint
how often should circulation be checked for a patient in restraints
every 15 minutes
what you should check for on a patient in restraints
numbness, tingling where restraint is, fingers blue or cold, no pulse
another name for stroke
cerebral vascular accident (CVA)
a violent and sudden contraction of muscles caused by an abnormality in the nerve cells or brain activity
seizure
this seizure involves entire body w/ convulsions, victim loses consciousness and seizure can last up to a few minutes
grand mal
a partial seizure, victim remains conscious and appears to stare blankly, may experience twitching and shaking of the muscles, last only a few seconds and occur frequently
petit mal
signs and symptoms of poisoning
abdominal pain, nausea or diarrhea, burns, odor, and stains in and around the mouth, drowsiness or unconsciousness
What does CPR stand for
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
combines rescue breathing and external chest compressions
CPR
what is the ratio of adult cpr
2 breathes to 15 compressions
what is the ratio of child cpr
1 breathe to 5 compression
what is the ratio of infant cpr
1 breathe to 5 compressions
how do you stop bleeding
apply direct pressure over wound
elevate wound
if bleeding doesnt stop locate nearest pressure point
name saftey rules of handling oxygen
no smoking
remove smoking materials
turn off elecrical equipment before unplugging it
dress patient in cotton clothing
dont operate unnecessary electrical equipment
remove flammable materials