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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
phrase; 5 types
a group of words not containing a verb and its subject; used as a single part of speech
prepositional phrase: 2 types
a group of words beginning with a preposition and usually ending with a noun or pronoun that functions as the object of the preposition
adjective phrases
modify a noun
adverb phrases
modify a verb: answer the questions "how, when, where, to what extent, or why"
a verb form that is used as an adjective (often identified by its present tense "-ing" ending or by its past tense "-ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n" endings)
participial phrases
a phrase containing a participle and any complements or modifiers it may have. Usually introduces the phrase, and the entire phrase acts as an adjective to modify a noun or pronoun.
a verb form ending in "-ing" that is used as a noun.
gerund phrase
a phrase consisting of a gerund and any complements or modifiers it may have. May be used any place that a noun would be used.
a verb form, usually preceded by the word "to", that is used as a noun or a modifier. "To" may be implied
infinitive phrases
consists of an infinitive and any complements or modifiers it may have. Can be used as a noun or modifiers.
a noun or pronoun-often with modifiers-set beside another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it.
appositive phrases
phrases consisting of an appositive and its modifiers; usually follows the word it explains or identifies, but it may precede it.