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7 Cards in this Set

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This low-to-medium potency corticosteroid is available as a 0.05% cream and as an ointment. It is used to treat inflammatory and pruritic dermatitis. Both the cream and ointment are supplied in 15-g, 45-g, and 60-g tubes. Patients are instructed to apply a thin film of the cream or ointment 2 or 3 times daily. Because of its low-potency, this topical corticosteroid may be used in children 1 year of age and older. High potency corticosteroid topical creams and ointments are often avoided in children - an increased risk of adrenal axis suppression may occur if too much of the corticosteroid is absorbed through the skin over time. Common side effects of this medication are burning, itching, and dryness.
Aclovate (alclometasone)
Prescribed to manage major depressive order, obsessive-compulsive order (OCD), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and social anxiety disorder, this medication is a member of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class of antidepressants. It is available as 25-mg, 50-mg, and 100-mg tablets. The usual initial dosage to treat depression or OCD is 50 mg once daily, the usual maintenance dosage usually ranges between 50-200 mg daily. The initial dosage to treat panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder or social anxiety is 25 mg daily, with a maintenance dosage ranging between 50-150 mg daily. To treat PMDD, an initial dosage of 50 mg daily is used. The medication may be used throughout the month, or just during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle (the day after ovulation until the day before the next period). The maintenance dosage for PMDD usually ranges between 50-150 mg daily. Common adverse effects may include dry mouth, somnolence, dizziness, and delay in ejaculation.
Zoloft (sertraline)
This antiviral medication is indicated to treat herpes zoster infection (shingles), varicella (chickenpox), and genital herpes. The oral forms of this medication are available as 200-mg capsules, 400-mg and 800-mg tablets, and as a 200-mg/5mL suspension. The dosage to treat shingles is 800 mg every 4 hours 5 times daily for 7-10 days. The dosage to treat chickenpox in children 2 years of age and older is 20 mg/kg per dose 4 times daily for 5 days. To treat chickenpox in adults and children over 40 kg, the dosage is 800 mg 4 times daily for 5 days. The dosage to treat genital herpes is 200 mg every 4 hours, 5 times daily for 10 days. For chronic recurrent genital herpes, a maintenance dosage of 400 mg twice daily may be used. Patients who are taking the maintenance dose should be reevaluated every12 months.
Zovirax (acyclovir)
Classified as a central nervous stimulant, this medication is used to manage symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is available as 18-mg, 27-mg, 36-mg, and 54-mg extended-release tablets. The recommended starting dosage is 18 mg daily in the morning with or without food in children ages 6-17 years. The maintenance dosage ranges between 18-54 mg daily in children 6-12 years of age, and between 18-72 mg daily for adolescents 13-17 years of age. Some common side effects of this drug are headache, abdominal pain, insomnia, and loss of appetite.
Concerta (methylphenidate)
This nonbenzodiazepine sleep-aide is used to treat insomnia. It is available as 1-mg, 2-mg, and 3-mg tablets. The usual dosage used to fall asleep is 2 mg immediately before bedtime in patients less than age 65, and 1 mg in patients ages 65 and older. A higher dosage (3 mg in those less than age 65; and 2 mg in those ages 65 and older) may be more effective in helping patients stay asleep all night. Common side effects may include headache, dry mouth, unpleasant taste, dizziness, and daytime somnolence. It is recommended that patients take this medication when they are already in bed because the drug's rapid hypnotic effects.
Lunesta (eszopiclone)
This angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor is indicated to treat hypertension, heart failure, and acute myocardial infarction. It is available as 5-mg, 10-mg, and 20-mg tablets. The usual dosage to manage hypertension is 10 mg once daily to start, followed by an increase in dose to 20-40 mg daily depending on the patient's blood pressure response. To treat heart failure, this medication is usually given at a dosage of 5 mg once daily, along with diuretics and digoxin. In treating an acute myocardial infarction, a dosage of 5 mg is given soon after the heart attack, then 5 mg 24 hours later, 10 mg 48 hours afterwards, then 10 mg once daily. One of the most common side effects of ACE inhibitors is a persistent cough. Patients who develop this cough should alert their healthcare professional because their medication may need to be changed. Other adverse effects may include headache, dizziness, chest pain, hypotension, diarrhea, and fatigue.
Prinivil (lisinopril)
Prescribed to treat anorexia, cachexia or unexplained weight loss in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), this medication is available as a 625-mg/5 mL concentrated oral suspension. Other brands of this medication, referred to as the regular concentration, are available as an 800-mg/20 mL oral suspension. The usual dosage of the concentrated formula is 625 mg (one teaspoonful) daily, or 400-800 mg daily of the regular formula. Some common side effects may include flatulence, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, edema, headache, rash, breakthrough bleeding, and insomnia.
Megace ES (megestrol)