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16 Cards in this Set

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illustrations
a story or anecdote that provides an idea, issue or problem. ensure audience attention.
brief illustrations
provides an example of an issue in one or two sentences
extended illustrations
provide an example of an idea two or more sentences.
hypothetical illustrations
provide an example of an idea that has not actually happened
What are the guidelines for using illustrations effectively?
1. illustrations should be relevant 2. should represent a trend 3. should be vivid and specific 4. listeners should be able to relate
Description
a statement that provides a word picture of something
Explantation
a statement that makes clear how something is done of why it exists
What are different types of analogies?
Literal or figurative
Literal Analogy
comparison between two like things
Figurative analogy
comparison between two dissimilar things that share common features.
Statistics
numeric data that summarizes examples
How do you effectively use statistics?
round off numbers when possible and use visual aids to display numbers
What are 3 types of opinions?
Expert testimony, Lay Testimony, literary quotation
Expert testimony
someone who is an expert on the subject and offers an opinion. ex. a firefighter giving an opinion about fighting fires
Lay Testimony
opinion offered by a non subject giving a firsthand experience
literary quotation
opinion from a writer who speaks in a memorable and poetic way