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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Cooling of an air mass, & cloud formation, merely as a result of air rising and dropping its pressure is called....
adiabatic cooling
Air that rises in order to get over an obstacle, such as a mountain, is called.....
orographic lifting
When low density warm air gets pushed upward by an oncoming dense cold front, we call it....
frontal wedging
When the earth/soil gets heated strongly in one location, air rises upward and is replaced by air coming in from the sides. This air movement is called....
convection
A ___ forms when warm, moist air rises, pressure & temp drop, & humidity hits 100%.
cloud
Cirrus clouds are located ___ in the sky.
highest
Cirrus clouds are so cold, they have ___ ___ in them.
ice crystals
Cumulus clouds are located ____ in the sky and tend to appear ____.
low to medium height
puffy
Stratus clouds are located ___ in the sky and look ___, filling the entire sky.
low
flat / sheet-like
The prefix "cirro-" indicates a ___ cloud.
high
The prefix "alto-" indicates a ___-level cloud.
middle
The prefix "strato-" indicates a ___-level cloud.
low
The prefix/suffix "nimbo" means __ ___ cloud.
rain-forming
Anvil-shaped, flat-bottomed thunderclouds are called....
cumulonimbus clouds
Clouds that form on or reach the ground are referred to as...
fog
Clouds basically consist of water vapor that has _____ into tiny liquid water droplets.
condensed
A "mare's tail" is typically associated with ___ clouds.
cirrus
The type of precipitation that hits the ground from a cloud is usually determined by the temperature at the ....
ground
The dry side of a mountain, over which an air mass has passed by orographic lifting, is called the ____ ____
rain shadow
The speed and direction that clouds move is the same as that of the ....
wind