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37 Cards in this Set

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CAS is conducted when and where
friendly combat forces are in close proximity to enemy forces.
Fixedwing CAS sorties are normally flown in
sections (two aircraft) or divisions (four aircraft).
Rotary-wing aircraft providing CAS are typically tasked and employed
sections, divisions, or flights (two or more divisions).
Both fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft are normally assigned as part of the
When referring to aircraft flights, the
lead aircraft is referred to as __. The second and subsequent aircraft
are referred to as __.
“lead” or “dash-one”
“dash-two,” “dash-three,” etc
At the battalion level, the TACP is also used to provide
terminal control for CAS aircraft.
The battalion TACP consists of
3 aviators and 12 radio operators.
The senior officer is the air officer (AO), who acts
dual capacity as special staff officer to the battalion
commander for all aviation matters and as the officer in charge of the TACP.
Each of the other two aviation officers is a
forward air controller (FAC) and the leader of a forward air control party.
Tactical air control parties
The AO advises the ground unit
commander on
CAS employment and works in the Fire Support Coordination Center (FSCC) as the battalion’s air representative.
The duties of the FAC include 6:
• Knowing the enemy situation, selected targets, and location of friendly units
• Knowing the supported unit’s plans, position, and needs
• Locating targets of opportunity
• Advising the supported company commander on proper air employment
• Requesting CAS
• Controlling CAS
• Performing battle damage assessment (BDA)
FAC (Forward air controller)
An officer (aviator/pilot) member of the tactical air control party who, from a forward ground or airborne position, controls aircraft in close air support of ground troops (JP 1-02). A Marine aviator with the secondary MOS of 7502.
Terminal controller
Personnel with the authority to control the maneuver of and grant weapons release clearance to attacking aircraft. A terminal controller is not necessarily a FAC or JTAC but simply whoever is controlling the aircraft and has been granted weapons release authority by the ground commander.
Forward air
A specifically trained and qualified aviation officer who exercises terminal control of aircraft engaged in close air support of ground troops. The forward air controller (airborne) is normally an airborne extension of the tactical air control party. (JP 1-02)
Direct Air Support Center: is the principal air control agency responsible for the direction of air operations that directly support ground forces.
Marine Tactical Air Command Center
Tactical Air Direction Center
Command, Control, and Communications
Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses
Techniques for improving responsiveness include:
• Using forward operating bases (FOBs) or forward operating locations near
the area of operations.
• Placing aircrews in a designated ground or airborne alert status.
• Delegating launch and divert authority to subordinate units.
• Placing JTACs and other air personnel to facilitate continuous
coordination with ground units, communication with aircraft, and
observation of enemy locations.
Control Points
Control points route aircrews to their targets and provide a ready means of conducting
fire support coordination. Control points should be easily identified from the air and should support the MAGTF’s scheme of maneuver. The senior FSCC and the ACE
select control points based on MAGTF requirements.
Contact Point
A CP is “the position at which a mission leader makes radio contact with an air control agency” (Joint Pub 1-02). Normally, a CP is outside the range of enemy surface to air
weapon systems and is 15-30 nautical miles (NM) from the target area. During ingress,
the aircrew contacts the terminal controller at the CP. A CP allows coordination of final plans before entering heavily defended airspace. By convention, CPs are named after states, i.e., “TEXAS.”
Initial Point
The initial point is “used as the starting point for the bomb run to the target.” (Joint Pub 1-02) An IP is:
• Easily identified (visually or electronically)
• Located 5-15 NM from the target area (ideally 8-12 NM)
• A reference point for the pilot to gain target acquisition
Terminal controllers and aircrews use IPs to help position aircraft delivering ordnance. By convention, IPs are named after car makes, .e., “CHEVY.”
Rotary-Wing Control Points
Holding area (HA)
Battle position (BP)
Check-in procedures (6)
1. Identification/Mission Number:
2. Number and Type of Aircraft:
3. Position and Altitude:
4. Ordnance:
5. Time on Station:
6. Abort Code:
For fixed-wing aircraft, The distance is given in
NM and should be accurate to a tenth of an NM
For attack helicopters, the distance is given in
meters from the center of the BP and is accurate to the nearest 100m
Target elevation Given in:
feet above mean sea level (MSL).
An effective mark is within 300 meters of the target

WP and other indirect marks should be on the deck 30 seconds prior to TOT

Illumination on deck should land 45 seconds prior to TOT
The “Cleared Hot” call can be made only after the
terminal controller confirms the aircraft is
• On the proper attack heading
• Wings level
• Pointing at the correct target
“Cleared Hot”
Term used by a terminal controller granting weapons release clearance to an aircraft attacking a specific target.
Call Continue
Continue the pass. You are not yet cleared to release any ordnance.
Call Abort
Abort the pass. Do not release any ordnance.
Call Cleared Hot
You are cleared to release ordnance on this pass.
Call Continue Dry
You are cleared to proceed with the attack run, but you may not release any ordnance.
The terminal controller must direct CAS aircrews to abort if:
• Any portion of the CAS brief is not understood
• Any unsafe situation develops
• Clearance criteria not met