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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are the 5 basic building blocks of effective therapy?
programming, behavior modification, key teaching strategies, session design, and data collection
what is programming?
selection sequencing and planned generalization of targets
what is behavior modification?
systematic use of stimulus-response-consequence procedures
what are key teaching strategies?
the use of basic training techniques
what is session design?
organization of therapy sessions
what is data collection?
systematic measurement of client performance and tx efficacy
what's the difference between positive and negative reinforcement?
positive= present stimulus when target behavior is performed
negative= remove stimulus when target behavior is peformed
what is secondary positive reinforcement?
social; verbal praise, attention, touch
what are the schedules of reinforcement?
continuous and intermittent reinforcement
what are the types of intermittent reinforcement?
fixed ratio, fixed interval, variable ratio, and variable interval
how are target behaviors determined?
target behaviors are client behaviors. Look at evaluation report (dx report) in order to determine target behaviors
what are SOAP notes?
subjective, objective, assessment, plan
describe a variety of prompts that can be used in therapy
direct physical manipulation of client, concrete symbols, and abstract symbols
describe the 0-5 response recording system described in class
0= no response, 1= incorrect response, 2= clinician prompted, correct response, 3= self-corrected response, 4= slow, but correct, 5=correct
what are some strategies in clinician directed therapy?
verbal instruction, direct models, target-specific feedback, prompts, shaping, fading
what are some strategies in hybrid therapy?
to encourage carryover and generalization, natural consequences to behavior
what's the difference between a baseline and a probe?
baselines are clinician-designed measures that provide multiple opportunities for a client to demonstrate a given communicative behavior, probes are instruments administered periodically throughout tx to measure a client's progress
what are some guidelines for writing professional reports?
3rd person, avoid contractions, full name of tests, don't exaggerate
what are the requirements for teacher certification ASHA?
must complete at least 21 hours of graduate coursework and 350 clock hours of practicum, pass certification test, complete CFY, 25 hours of clinical observation, be supervised by ASHA-certified personnel
what are the requirements for teacher certification?
varies by state, speech paths must: have a grad degree, have professional education coursework, pass the subject area test in speech pathology by OCTP
what is the basic training protocol?
1. present stimulus, 2. wait for response, 3. provide consequence, 4. record response, 5. remove stimulus
what are the potential areas of target behaviors?
speech (voice, fluency, artic/phonology), receptive and expressive language (semantics, syntax/morphology, pragmatics), cognitive, play skills, motor skills, swallowing skills, memory skills
what do you look at on an evaluation report?
standardized info, recommendations of the evaluator, informal observations
what are the 3 factors of sequencing?
stimulus type, task mode, and response level
what are the terms for therapy termination?
communications skills are equal with chronological age, functional communication skills are present where CA-level skills are unrealistic, lack of progress
what are some negative aspects of primary positive reinforcement?
doesn't promote generalization, messy, time-consuming
what are some examples of conditioned generalized reinforcers?
tokens, check marks, marbles, stickers, points (in everyday life: money)
what are some examples of informative feedback?
visual feedback, biofeedback, charting of performance
who is usually targeted for client-centered therapy?
young or severely impaired clients
what are the strategies of client-centered therapy?
indirect modeling, natural consequences, prompts, and fading