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62 Cards in this Set

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AFP
"or alpha-fetoprotein is a plasma protein that is normally produced by the fetus’s liver and also in the fetal gastrointestinal (GI) tract and the yolk sac. During pregnancy, t
AGA
appropriate for gestational age
Alpha Thal trait
is a mild form of alpha thalassemia. Alpha globin is made by four genes. People with alpha thalassemia trait only have two genes for alpha globin and so they make slightly lower amounts of hemoglobin and their red blood cells are smaller and paler. Individuals with this trait have a mild chronic anemia which does not respond to iron supplements. Alpha thalassemia trait is very common in people whose ancestors came from Southeast Asia, especially Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.
AMA
Advanced Maternal Age: an increase in the age at which women give birth to their first child
Amniocentesis
"a procedure during which a sample of fluid
Anencephaly
"Neural tube defect (NTD) that occurs when
AROM
artificial ruptrure of membranes
Beta Thal trait
One of the two beta globin genes is abnormal but the lack of beta globin is not great enough to cause problems in the normal functioning of the hemoglobin. A person with this condition simply carries the genetic trait for beta thalassemia and will usually experience no health problems other than a mild anemia. Beta thal trait is inherited in an autosomal-recessive fashion and it is very common in people of Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, African, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, etc.), Southeast Asian and Chinese descent.
bx
Abreviation for biopsy
CHD
Congenital Heart Defect: type of defect or malformation in one or more structures of the heart or blood vessels that occurs before birth
CNM
Certified Nurse, Midwife
Consultand
The person which was refered to a genetic counselor
CVS
"(Chorionic Villi Sampling) - A prenatal test
D & C
Dilation and curettage: procedure to clean the uterus after a miscariage or abortion by dilating the cervix to clean out the lining of the uterus. A curettage is performed with a curette, a metal rod with a handle on one end and a sharp loop on the other.
D & E
Dilation and evacuation: performed at any point in 2nd trimester, cervix is dilated and 24 hrs later, contents are suctioned out of uterus.
Double bubble sign
"A finding observed on radiographs of
EDC
estimated date of confinement
El Ab
Elective Abortion: interruption of a pregnancy before the 20th week of gestation at the woman's request for reasons other than maternal health
EtOH
Ethanol/ Alcohol
ETOP
Early Termination of Pregnancy: abortion done very early either by pills or by a doctor
F/U
Follow up
First Trimester screen
A test consisting of an ultrasound examination and a blood test which can provide you with a risk estimate of having a child with chromosomal abnormalities.It does so by measuring the thin layer of fluid beneath the fetal skin in the area of the fetal neck called the nuchal translucency (NT). Increased nuchal translucency has been associated with several birth defects including Down syndrome.
FOB
Father of Baby
G.A.
"(Gestational age) - The developmental age of
Gravida
total number of pregnancies, whether carried to term or not (full uterus)
hCG
"Human chorionic gonadotropin, a human hormone made by chorionic cells in the fetal part of the placenta. Its role is to prevent disintegration of the corpus luteum of the ovary and in that
Hgb A2
Hemoglobin A2 is a variation of hemoglobin A that consists of two alpha and two delta chains and is found in small quantity in normal human blood. Hemoglobin A2 may be increased in beta thalassemia.
Hgb AS
Sickle cell trait
Hgb elect.
blood test that can detect different types of blood
Hgb F
"Hemoglobin F is the primary hemoglobin produced by the fetus and its role is to transport oxygen efficiently in a low oxygen environment. Production
Hgb SC
Sickle Cell C Disease
Hgb SS
Most common type of sickle cell disease, affected people have 2 sickle cell hemoglobin genes & no normal hemoglobin genes
hx
Abreviation for history
Hydrocephalus
"Derived from the Greek words ""hydro""
Hydrops fetalis
Gross edema (swelling), usually with anemia, of the fetus. It can be caused due to Rh blood group incompatibility in which antibodies crossing the placenta from the mother destroy the red blood cells of the fetus or due to the lethal form of the genetic disorder thalassemia, in particular alpha thalassemia.
Inhibin A
one of two hormones (inhibin-A or inhibin-B) secreted by the gonads that inhibits the production of FSH (follicle-stimulatin hormone) which is in turn secreted by the pituitary gland. Inhibin A is elevated in the blood serum of women carry fetuses with Down syndrome.
IUGR
intrauterine growth restriction (formerly retardation)
Level II
"(or Anatomy Scan) is a comprehensive,
LGA
large for gestational age
LMP
last menstrual period
Meningocele
"Protrusion of the membranes that cover the
Multipara
at least 2 births/openings of the uterus OR twins or other multiples
Myelomeniningocele,Meningomyelocele or MM
"One of the most common birth defects of
Neural tube defect
"A major birth defect caused by abnormal
Overgrowth
excessive growth.
Paperwork!
"Written or clerical work, as records or
PAPP-A
abbreviation of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A. It is a large zinc-binding protein that functions as an enzyme and it is commonly used in prenatal genetic screening. Women with low levels of PAPP-A at 8 to 14 weeks of gestation have an increased risk of intrauterine growth restriction, trisomy 21, premature delivery, preeclampsia and stillbirth.
Parity
number of times a woman has given birth (uteran openings)
Pregnancy wastage
multiple miscarriages.
Primigravida
pregnant for the first time or only 1 pregnancy
Proband
An individual or member of a family being studied in a genetic investigation. [Represented usually by an arrow pointing at the individual, in a pedigree]
PROM
premature rupture of membranes
Proposita
A female who is the first identified case of an inherited disease in a family.
Propositus
A male who is the first identified case of an inherited disease in a family
Prostaglandin abortion
termination of pregnancy in 2nd trimester in which PG is administered to induce uterine contractions
Pt
Abreviation for patient
PUBS
"(Percutaneous Umbilical Blood Sampling),
Quad Screen
test that screens for maternal blood content
r/o
Abreviation for rule out
Rubella
it is commonly known as German measles, a disease caused by the rubella virus. This disease is often mild and attacks often pass unnoticed. However, if a mother is infected within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy, the child may be born with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) which entails a range of serious incurable illnesses.
SGA
small for gestational age
Sickle Cell Disease
inherited blood disorder that affects red blood cells