Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/26

Click to flip

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
most common primary benign bone tumor
Osteochondroma
Asymptomatic; pt. feels a bump; in lg. bones not spine; knee is m.c 20% chance of becoming metastatic "hereditary multiple exostoses.
Osteochondroma
Benign tumor of vascular tissue with in bone
Hemangiaoma
most common primary tumor of the spine
Hemangiaoma
Corduroy cloth appearance
Hemangiaoma
m.c. b9 bone tumor of the hand
Enchondroma
Oliler's disease
Enchondroma
8-20 yrs
Asymptomatic
Failure to ossify
metaphysis of long bones of lower extremity, bubbly lucency, solitary, sharp zone of transition
Fibrous cortical Defect
5-20
sudden onset of pain if pathologic fs
looks like a giant cell, but does not cross ephyseal plate
bubbly, lytic grossly expansile
80% in long bones
Aneurysmal Bone Cyst
M.C. b9 tumor of the ribs
8-14
asymtomatic until fx; bowing femur, rind, cafe-au-lait spots. McClune-Albright Syndrome
Fibrous Dysplasia
primary b9 bone tumor
skull and feet get larger
common in older men.
>55
20X more vascular demand, shepherds crook. Sabre shin pathological fx. protrusio acetabuli, brim sign, spinal stenosis, enlarged ivory vertebrae
Paget's Disease
x-ray 4 stages
1. osteoclastic metastasis
2. Mixed stage
3. sclerotic
4. malignant degeneration
Paget's disease
stiff jt. worse in a.m.
non-uniform loss of jt
asymmetrical
horizontal marginal osteophytes
gull wing sign
Malum coxae senilis
hourglassing foramen, vacum sign
DJD
Osteoarthritis A.K.A
DJD
Forrestier's Disease
DISH
40-50
12-32% have type II diabetes
dysphagia, stiffness, low grade pain
all ossif.
candle-wax sign
DISH
fever, malaise, pain and swelling, Bilat. symmetry, uniform loss of jt space, marginal erosions (rat bites),ulnar deviation,pannus formation,c1-c2 instability, +RF,
Rheumatoid Arthiritis
c1-c2 instability, pain in buttock area, refers to thigh bilat, + HLA-B27, -RF
Bamboo spine, rosary beads, shiny corner, trolley track carrot stick fx
Ankylosing spondylitis
asymptomatic hyperuricemia, acute gouty arthritis, polyarticular- lower extremity, chronic tophaceous gout (helix of ear)
Gout
most common secondary bone malignancy, unexplained wt. loss, polyostotic, spread 3 ways, venous , lymph, direct extension, inc ESR,
Metastasis
most common primary bone malignancy
Multiple myeloma
malignancy of bone marrow plasma cells eats bone from inside to out, entirely lytic, moth eaten lesion,m punched out lesions, severe osteoprortic spine, vertebra plana, raindrop, Bence-jones proteinuria
Multiple myeloma
2nd most common primary bonemalignancy
osteosarcoma
localized swelling and pain at knee, shoulder, codman's triangle, sunburst, cumulus cloud
Ostoesarcoma
most likely primary tumor to metastasize to bone, mimics infection, onion skin periostitis, saucer-lytic effect
Ewings sarcoma
multinucleated highly expansile tumor that crosses the epiphyseal plate. aysmptomatic, localized swelling, possible pathological fx and pain, knee shoulder, uncommon in spine, soap bubble appearance,
Giant cell tumor