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100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ear is present
temporal bone
base of skull
occipital
vertex
parietal
forehead
frontal
cheekbone
zygomatic
anterior face
maxill
jawbone
mandible
pectoral girdle
manubrium of sternum, clavicle, scapula
hand bones
metacarpals + phalanges
wrist bones
scaphoid
triquetrum
pisiform
trapezium
trapezoid
capatate
hamate
bony corners of carpal tunnel
scaphoid tubercle pisiform
trapezium tbrcle hook Hamate
snuffbox
scaphoid (floor)
first metacarpal (base)
radial styloid process
trapezium
pelivic girdle
ilium
ishium
pubis
sacrum
coccyx
ankle bones
talus, calcaneus, cuboid, navicular, cuneiforms (1-3)
foot bones
metatarsals + phalanges
leg bones
femur, tibia, fibula, patella
joint attaching upper extremity to axial skeleton
sternoclavicular joint
joint attaching lower extremity to axial skeleton
sacroiliac joint
costal cartilage @ level of sternal angle
2nd
approx. costal cartilage @ level of xiphisternal joint
5th or 6th
vastus means
huge
maxiumus means
large
longus means
long
minimus means
small
brevis means
short
deltoid means
triangular
rhomboid means
parallelogram on its angle
latissimus means
wide
teres means
round
trapezius means
2 parallel sides
rectus means
straight or vertical
transverse means
across
oblique means
diagonal
orbicularis means
circular
SCM
O: clavicle, manubrium of sternum
I: 1st + 2nd rib
action:
bilateral: flexion of neck, elevation of ribs 1 + 2
unilat: ipsilateral lateral flexion of head, contralateral rotation of head
innervation: spinal accessory (cranial nerve 11)
Scalenes
O: transverse proc C2-7
I: 1st + 2nd rib
action:
bilateral: flexion of neck, elev of ribs 1+2
unilat: ipsilateral lateral flexion of neck, contralateral rotation of neck
innervation: cervical nerves 3-8
muscles of anterior abd. wall
rectus abdominus
ext abd oblique
int abd oblique
transverse abdominus
muscles of rotator cuff
supraspinatus
infraspinatus
teres minor
subscapularis
Elevation of the Scapula
Trapezius (upper fibers)
rhomboid major
rhomboid minor
levator scapula
Depression of the Scapula
trapezius (lower fibers)
pectoralis minor
serratus anterior (when origin fix)
Adduction of Scapula
Trapezius (middle fibers)
rhomboid major
rhomboid minor
Abduction of Scapula
pectoralis minor
serratus ant (w origin fixed)
Flexion of arm (shoulder)
Deltoid (ant fibers)
Pectoralis major (upper fibers)
Biceps Brachii
Coracobrachialis
Extension of arm (shoulder)
Deltoid (post fibers)
Latissiumus dorsi
Teres Major
Pectoralis Major (lower fibers)
triceps brachii (long head)
teres minor + infraspinatus
laterally rotate shoulder, adduct shoulder
subscapularis
medially rotate shoulder
Adduction of arm (shoulder)
Latissimus dorsi
Teres Major
Infraspinatus
Teres Minor
Pectoralis major (all fibers)
Triceps brachii (long head)
coracobrachialis
Abduction of arm (shoulder)
Deltoid (all fibers)
Supraspinatus
lateral rotation of shoulder
Deltoid (posterior fibers)
infraspinatus
teres minor
medial rotation of shoulder
Deltoid (anterior fibers)
Latissimus dorsi
Teres Major
Subscapularis
Pectoralis major (all fibers)
Flexion of Forearm
Biceps brachii
brachialis
brachioradialis
Pronator teres (assists)
flexor carpi radialis + ulnaris, palmaris longus, pronator teres, + extensor carpi radialis longus + bravis ASSIST
Extension of forearm
Triceps brachii (all heads)
Anconeus
Pronation of forearm
Pronator teres
Pronator quadratus
Brachioradialis (assists P +S`)
Supination of forearm
Biceps brachii
Supinator
Brachioradialis (assists P +S)
Flexion of Hand
Flexor carpi radialis
Flexor carpi ulnaris
Palmaris longus
Flexor digitorum superficialis
Flexor digitorum profundus

Flexor pollicis longus (assists)
Extension of Hand
Extensor carpi radialis longus
Extensor carpi radialis brevis
Extensor carpi ulnaris

Extensor digitorum (assists)
Extensor indicis (assists)
Flexion of Thumb
Flexor pollicis longus + brevis
adductor pollicis (assists)
Extension of Thumb
Extensor pollicis longus + brevis
abductor pollicis longus (assists)
Adduction of Thumb
Adductor pollicis
Flexor Pollicis Brevis
Abduction of Thumb
Abductor pollicis longus
Extensor Pollicis Brevis
Flexion of Thigh
*Psoas major
*Iliacus
*TFL
*Sartorius
*Rectus femoris
*Gluteus medius (ant fibers)
*gluteus minimus
*Adductor longus, brevis + magnus
*Pectineus
Extension of Thigh
Gluteus maximus (all fibers)
Biceps femoris (long head)
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosis
Adductor magnus (post fibers)

gluteus medius (post. fibers)
Adduction of Thigh
*Adductor Magnus, longus, + brevis
*Pectineus
*Gracilis
*Gluteus maximus (lower fibers)

(semitend +semimemb some)
Abduction of Thigh
Gluteus maximus (all fibers)
Gluteus medius (all fibers)
Gluteus minimus
TFL
Sartorius
Piriformis (when hip is flexed)
Medial rotation of thigh
Gluteus medius (ant fibers)
gluteus minimus
TFL
Adduct. Magnus longus brevis
Pectineus
Gracilis

Semitendinosus + semimembranosus assist
Lateral rotation of thigh
Gluteus maximus (all fibers)
Gluteus medius (post fibers)
Psoas Major
Iliacus
Sartorius
Piriformis
Biceps femoris (long h. assist)

(Quadratus femorus, obturator internus + externus)
Flexion of Leg
Biceps femoris
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus
Gracilis
Sartorius
Gastrocnemius
Popliteus
Plantaris (weak)
Extension of leg
QUADRICEPS FEMORIS:
Rectus Femoris, Vastus lateralis, Vastus medialis, vastus intermedius
Plantar flexion of foot
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Tibialis posterior
Peroneus longus (assist)
Peroneus brevis (assist)
Flexor digitorum longus
Flexor hallucis longus
Plantaris
Dorsiflexion of foot
Tibialis anterior
Extensor digitorum longus
Extensor hallucis longus

(Peroneus Tertius)
Inversion of foot
Tibialis anterior
Tibialis posterior
Flexor digitorum lnogus
Flexor hallucis longus
Extensor hallucis longus
Eversion of foot
Peroneus longus + brevis
Extensor digitorum longus
major vessels supplying blood to head
common carotid arteries
major vessels that take blood away from head
internal jugular + external jugular veins
vessel which supplies blood to upper extremity
brachiocephalic artery
vessels which branch from brachial artery
radial + ulnar arteries
vessel palpable at mid-inguinal point
femoral artery
vessel palpable post. to medial malleolus
posterior tibial artery
vessel palpable on dorsum of foot
dorsalis pedis artery
Five major nerves of brachial plexus + general innervation
*Nerves going in: cervical nerves 5-8, thoracic nerve 1)
*Nerves that come out
-Axillary nerve: Deltoid + Teres Minor
-musculocutaneous: Flexors of arm
-radial nerve: extensors of arm/forearm, lateral 2/3 of dorsum of hand, fingers over prox + middle phalanges
-Median nerve: most flexors of ant. forearm, lateral 2/3 of palm + fingers (down middle of ring finger)
-Ulnar: Flexor carpi ulnaris + flexor digitorum profundus, medial hand, 5th finger, medial 1/2 of ring finger
nerve located posterior to medial epicondyle of humerus
ulnar nerve
nerve located in carpal tunnel
median
ant thigh muscles innervation
femoral nerve, lumbar nerves 1-3
medial thigh muscles innervation
Obturator nerve, Femoral nerve (Pectineus)
Posterior thigh muscles innervation
sciatic
posterior compartment muscles of leg innervation
Tibial nerve (branch into lateral + medial plantar)
anterior compartment muscles of leg innervation
deep peroneal nerve
lateral compartment muscles of leg innervation
superficial peroneal nerve
nerve located post to head of fibula
common peroneal nerve
nerve located post to medial malleolus
tibial nerve
location of apex of lungs
3 cm sup. to med. 1/3 of clavicle (at jing bi)
location of apical beat of heart
5th IC space, midclav line, R side
location of inf. border of lungs
midclav. level 6th rib, midaxillary 8th rib, posteriorly @ 10th rib
location of inf. border of pleural cavity
midclav. level 8th rib, midaxillary 10th rib, posteriorly @ 12th rib
location of esophageal hiatus
level with T10, 2-3 cm to left of midline, post. to 6th costal cartilage
location of gallbladder
post. to tip of 9th costal cartilage, on R side
location of inf edge of liver
start at midaxillary line leve with tip of 9th costal cart. follows costal margi across epigast. to tip of 8th costal cart on L. Continue sup. + laterally to 6th costal cartilage 8-10 cm lateral to midline (on left)
location of McBurneys point
1/3 of way from Right ASIS to umbilicus
Approx levels of inf + sup poles of KD
sup: deep to ribs 11 + 12, level to T12
Inf: 3-4 cm superior to illiac crest, at level of L3
location of superficial + deep inguinal rings
inguinal ligament: ASIS to pubic tubercle
superficial: 2 cm sup to public tubercle
deep: 2 cm sup to midpoint of inguinal ligament