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15 Cards in this Set

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The __ gland is located in the sella turcica at the base of the brain.
pituitary
What hormone's are produced by the anterior pituitary?
TSH/ACTH
Growth hormone
prolactin
LH/FSH
__ is secreted in a pulsatile fashion thruout the day with the most pulses occurring during sleep.
prolactin
__ secretion from the pituitary is tightly controlled via negative feedback from cortisol.
ACTH
The secretion of TSH is stimulated by hypothalamic __ and inhibited by the thyroid hormones __ & __.
TRH

inhibited by T3 & T4
What is the main function of TSH?
to stimulate the production and secretion of thyroid hormones and effect of metabolic activity
__ or __ may involve any or all of the six major anterior pituitary hormones.
pituitary hormonal insufficiency or hypopituitarism
What are the major causes of hypopituitarism?
pituitary tumors (most common)
infectious disease (TB, fungal)
infiltrative disease (sarcoid)
vascular abnormalities (sheehan's syndrome)
What are the most common presenting signs of hypopituitarism in children?
growth retardation and delayed puberty
A pituitary tumor should be considered in any patient that presents with __ or __ changes.
headache or vision changes
Visual loss caused by pituitary tumors is....?
bitemporal hemianopsia
Which hormones have predictable blood concentrations?

-water soluble hormones
-fat soluble hormones
fat soluble hormones
Depression, weepy, listless, muscle weakness, nausea, loss of appetite, and tetany are signs of ...?
hypocalcemia
Chvostek's sign, and Trousseau's sign are tests to check for...?
hypocalcemia
Calcitonin ebbs and flows with __.
PTH