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29 Cards in this Set

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whole blood (vol.)
92% tissues & fluids
8% blood
erythrocyte volume
5.2 million/mm +/- 1 mil
platelet volume
250,000 +/- 100,000
leukocyte volume
4.000-10,000
protein volume
albumin 55%
globulins 38%
fibrinogen 7%
leukocyte differential
neutrophils 55-60%
lymphocytes 28-30%
monocytes 10%
eosinophils 4-5%
basophils <1%
MCV
mean cell volume: (HG/RBC) x 10 (> macrocytic, <microcytic). how big is the red cell?
MCH
how much hemogloin is in each corpuscle: Mean cell hemoglobin
MCHC
mean cell hemoglobin concentration
tells amount of color
chromic
RDW
red cell disc width
anicocytosis
abnormal- unequal sz. too much cell size variation
macrocytic
megaloblastic anemia
microcytic
small
hypochromic, pale
normocytic anemia
77% of all chronic disease
microcytic hypochromic anemia
17% of all chronic disease
Small & pale
5 microcytic anemias
Fe deficiency
thallassemia
sickle cell
sideroblastic
hemiglobinopathies
HCT
hematocrit: % of cellular elements of the blood
5.2+/- 1 million (normal red count)
cell size
micro
normo
macro
....cytic
color of RBC
pale= hypo
normal+normo
dark= hyper..................chromic
shape of RBC
sickle
shphero
elipto
ovalo...................cytosis
RBC degrades into....
protein (100% recycled into the AA pool)
Hb-billerubin, all excreted
Fe 2+, eat 10mg/day
body absorbs most iron into the
duodenum
hemochromatosis
Fe+2 UP
TIBC down (total Fe binding cap)
transferrin UP (binds and removes Fe+2)'
ferritin DOWN
Yellowness
jaundice
carotenemia
Urobilin
makes pee yellow
exact location of red cell lysis
macrophages of liver and spleen
what is the exact molecule that conjugates bilirubin
glucuronic acid
how is the billerubin transported?
unconjugated in blood w/ albumin
OR
conjugated in water impermeable ducts to be sequestered in the gakk bladdy
malaria
most common cause of hemolysis