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19 Cards in this Set

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Why is a moisture exchange between land and sea required?
because continents have more precipitation thean wvaporation and the oceans have more evaporation than precipitation
At solar noon, the angle and intensity if insolation are ____.
greatest
The angle of insolation ________ from 90 degrees
decreases
What is the angle of insolation?
the angle at which the Sun's rays strike Earth's surface
What kind of rays provide the greatest intensity of insolation?
virtical rays (direct)
With an increase of latitude, the intensity of insolation _________.
decrease
What is the duration of insolation?
the number of daylight hours at a given location
What moves the moisture from places of high humidity to places of low humidity?
A belt of convection currents
What is a climate?
An average of weather conditions in a region over a long-period of time
Where are the two zones of precipitation deficit located?
about 10 degrees to 40 degrees in each atmosphere.
What is it when a body gains the same amount of radiant energy as it gives off?
radioactive balance
What are the three main belts of precipitation excess?
the equatorial zone and the middle latitudes zones in each hemisphere(40 degrees to 70 degrees).
Where does water that evaporates in one plce usually precipitate?
hundreds to thousands of miles away
mT airmasses travelling polarward, ________,_________ most of their moisture and become ________.
cool, precipitate, Polar airmasses
Earth is a ________, our water is _______ and must be _______.
closed system, limited, recycled
cP air masses moving over land toward the equator become _______, _______ moisture and become ________ air masses over the ocean
warm, absorb, mT
What is the Intensity of Radiation?
The rate at which energy is radiated from a body-DEPENDS on temperature!
What is Insolation?
INcoming SOLar radiATION-The sun gives off radiation in short waves, but the Earth radiates energy in form of longer waves.
What is Intensity of insolation?
the rate at which solar energy is received by a given area of Earth's surface per unit of time.