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5 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
CAUSES OF FLUID VOLUME DEFICIT
GI FLUID LOSSES, EXCESS URINE OUTPUT:DIURETICS, DIABETES, HEMORRHAGE, SWEATING FEVER, DRAINING WOUNDS, BURNS; FLUID SHIFTS (THIRD SPACING), INADIQUATE FLUID INTAKE
CAUSES OF FLUID VOLUME EXCESS
RENAL FAILURE, HEART FAILURE, CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER, MEDICATIONS, EXCESS FLUID INTAKE, EXCESS SODIUM INTAKE
MANIFESTATIONS OF FLUID VOLUME DEFICIT
HYPOTENSION, POSTURAL HYPOTENSION, TACYCARDIA, WEAK THREADY PERIPHERAL PULSES, WEIGHT LOSS, FLAT NECK VEINS, DECREASED CVP, FOOP SKIN TURGOR, DECREASED URINE OUTPUT
MANIFESTATIONS OF FLUID VOLUME EXCESS
HYPERTENTION, TACYCARDIA, FULL BOUNDING PERIPHERAL PULSES, INCREASED RESPIRATORY RATE, MOIST CRACKLES,WHEEZES; WEIGHT GAIN; DISTENDED NECK VEINS; INCREASED CVP; DEPENDENT EDEMA
LAB VALUES OF FLUID VOLUME DEFICIT
INCREASED SERUM OSMOLALITY
INCREASED HEMATOCRIT
INCREASED URINE SPECIFIC GRAVITY