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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
COMPOUNDS
atoms of 2 or more elements combined in a particular ratio
cannot be broken apart by ordinary physical means
SOLUTE
substance dissolved in a solution
least abundant part of a solution
sugar part of sugar water
SUBSTANCE
cannot be broken by ordinary physical processes
element or compound
composition is definite
TYNDALL EFFECT
scattering of light by particles in a mixture
characteristic of a colloid and suspensions
SATURATED
holding as much solute as possible at that temperature
MATTER
Has mass and takes up space
HETEROGENEOUS MIXTURE
each material can be distinguished
like a mixture of popcorn and peanuts
SOLUTION
another name for a homogeneous mixture
remains mixed, does not scatter light
parts are solute and solvent
very small particles, (.1-1nm)
does not scatter light
MIXTURE
two or more substances together each retaining its properties
the amount of each part may vary



ELEMENTS
only one kind of matter (atom)
cannot be broken by ordinary physical means
a type of substance
found on the periodic table
HOMOGENEOUS MIXTURE
another name for a solution
cannot distinguish individual parts
uniformly mixed
COLLOID
Heterogeneous mixture of particles that never settle and scatter light
particles 1-1000nm
milk and gelatin are examples
DILUTE
having much solvent and less solute compared to another
less concentrated
not as strong as another
SUSPENSION
heterogeneous mixture with particles that settle out
Large particles greater than 100nm
example muddy water
SOLVENT
material that dissolves a solute in a solution
the most abundant substance in the solution
usually liquid portion of solution
water portion in sugar water
CONCENTRATED
having more solute in solution compared to another
less dilute