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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
binomial nomenclature (7-1)
two name system of classification

Genus name + species name
Ex. Homo sapien
class (7-1)
a group mdae up all the orders of similar species
classify (7-1)
to put similar organisms into groups
dichotomous key (7-1)
tool to help identify an organism's scientific name
division (7-2)
the second-highest of the taxinomical categories in the palnt kingdom
genus (7-2)
a group made up of similar species

dog, wolf, coyote
taxonomy (7-1)
The science of classifying
Kingdom (7-1)
The largest of the classification groups.
Carolus Linnaeus (7-1)
Father of modern day classification.

System based on similar body structure, size shape and color.
Aristotle (7-1)
Developed one of the first classification systems for life. Divided animals by where they live, plants divided by size and structure.
species (7-1)
Smallest, most precise classification category.

The same type of organism (dogs, humans,
phylogeny (7-2)
An organisms evolutionary histroy.
Determined by chemical make-up, ancestors, and fossil evidence.
division (7-2)
second-highest taxonomic category in the plant and fungi kingdoms.
class (7-2)
3rd highest taxonomic category.

A group of closely related orders.
order (7-2)
4th highest taxonomic category.

A group of closely related families.
prokaryotes (7-2)
one-celled organisms with no nucleus. Does have gentic material.
Kingdom Eubacteria (7-2)
one-celled organisms, prokaryotic, some move, some make own food. Bacteria that live around us. (e.coli, streptococcus)
Kingdom Archaebacteria (7-2)
one-celled organisms, prokaryotic, some move, some make own food. Bacteria that live in harsh environmnets.
Name the 6 biological classifcation categories in order. (7-2)
King Paul cried out for good soup'
Kindom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, species
Kingdom Protista (7-2)
Eukaryotic, many celled, some move, some make own food. Many one celled organisms. (euglena, paramecium)
Kingdom Fungi (7-2)
Eukaryotic, one and many celled, don't move, obtain food from other organisms.
Kingdom Plant (7-2)
Eukaryotic, many-celled, members make own food.
Kingsom Animal (7-2)
Eukaryotic, many-celled, move, members eat plants or other animals.
How many species do biologists etimate there to be? (7-3)
up to 30 million
species diversity (7-3)
The variety of plants, animals, and other organisms in a given area.
Describe the problem some people have with the northern spotted owl. (7-3)
See page 198 in text.
Describe the two points of view dealing with species diversity.
Pg. 199
dichotomous key (7-3)
A branching key used to identify organisms.
field guide (7-3)
uses pictures and descriptions to identify organisms.
Give three reasons we do not use common names to identify organisms. (7-3)
1. missleading (star fish)
2. language problems